What Is a Kurti? How Is It Different from a Kurta?
A kurti is a shorter version of a kurta. Women in Indian cities love the kurti for its versatility—it is perfect for occasions ranging from everyday wear to parties or picnics.
Every kurti has the same basic pattern, but you can personalize it with your choice of neckline, fabric, fit, colors, embroidery, and overall/sleeve lengths.
Show Your Creativity
I'll show you how to make a simple kurti, but you will have many chances to demonstrate your creativity! The necklines, embroidery, and sleeve styles are what really make this a fun project.
Step 1: Selecting The Right Fabric
Selecting a kurti fabric depends on the climate and occasion in which you will be wearing the garment, as well as on your individual preferences.
You have two basic versions of this versatile top:
1. The long, traditional, and loose-fitting dress known as a kurta.
2. The short, chic, and tightly-fitted top known as a kurti.
For heavy women, light materials like georgette, chandelier lace, and chiffon look delicate and flattering. In addition to these materials, women with slim figures can also use cotton. During the summer, it's best to choose a light-colored fabric that will allow airflow. For the winter, bright colors often suit people well.
Heavily embroidered kurtis are appropriate for parties, while floral and printed kurtis are great for casual wear.
Another consideration when choosing fabrics is that vertical pinstriped fabrics make you look slimmer.
When Choosing a Fabric
1. Make sure the fabric is of high quality, so that it can last with wear.
2. Check the quality of the fabric color as well, so the color does not fade with time.
3. Select a fabric that will not shrink drastically after washing.
Step 2: Take All of Your Body Measurements
On a sheet of paper, leave spaces to write down the following measurements:
- a. Shoulder width
- b. Neckline width
- c. Neckline diagonal
- d. Armhole circumference
- e. Sleeve length
- f. Upper arm circumference
- g. Lower arm circumference
- h. Wrist circumference
- i. Bust circumference
- j. Waist circumference
- k. Hip circumference
- l. Shoulder to bust length
- m. Shoulder to waist length
- n. Shoulder to hips length
- o. Kurti length
See the following video pictures to learn exactly how to take these measurements.
How to Take Body Measurements for a Kurti
Step 3: Create a Pattern for the Front and Back of the Kurti
Now, add an inch to measurements o and e to allow for hemming. For each of the remaining measurements, add a cutting allowance of 1/8 of an inch, a seam allowance of 1/4 of an inch, and a serving allowance of 1/4 of an inch (5/8 of an inch total). Circle or underline your final measurements to distinguish them from your original measurements.
Then use your final measurements to create a pattern, as shown below. The reason you only create a pattern for half of the kurti is because you will fold the fabric in half when you cut it out.
Step 4: Cut the Fabric for the Front and Back According to Your Pattern
To cut out your fabric according to the pattern, first fold your fabric in half, with the patterned side in. Place your pattern along the folded seam and cut around it.
After you cut and unfold your fabric, it should look like this:
Here is a video of how to cut the fabric for the front, back, and sleeves of your garment according to your measurements. Note that she doesn't use a pattern—she cuts straight into the fabric. While this can save time if you know what you're doing, I do not recommend cutting your fabric this way the first time, as it's much easier to make mistakes.
Measuring and Cutting Fabric
Step 5: Cut the Sleeves for Your Kurti
Now you will want to cut the sleeves for your kurti. For a visual example, you can see the video above starting at 12:00. The length of the sleeve is your preference, and you will use the upper and lower arm and wrist circumferences to make sure the width of the sleeve is correct in the appropriate places.
What takes special attention is the cut of the armhole. When you are cutting your fabric, you will fold it in half, the way you did for the front and back of the kurti. The crease will become the outside of your sleeve (the side closest to your shoulder). After you fold your fabric, all cuts you make will result in a symmetrical sleeve.
You want the cut of the armhole to make a slight "S" shape half length of your armhole circumference (this is because the fabric is folded in half). The outside edge of the sleeve (which will be on the crease of the fabric) should be about 4'' longer than the inside edge of the sleeve. To make the "S" shape, draw a 3'' line perpendicular to the creased side of the sleeve. Then, 4'' closer to wrist of the sleeve, draw a 2'' line perpendicular to the open side of the sleeve. Lastly, draw a curved line connecting the two lines you've already drawn, and measure it to be sure the "S" is half the length of your armhole circumference. See the picture below.
Step 5: Make the Front Neckline
Next, we will make the front neckline. For this, you will need some iron-on interfacing. Follow these steps, explained in the videos below:
- Draw the shape of your desired neckline onto the interfacing. A boat neck is used in the example below, but you can customize your neckline however you like.
- Then draw another line an inch and a half to the outside of the first.
- Cut this shape out and iron it onto the back of a new piece of fabric.
- Place the fabric with the interfacing (interfacing-side up) on top of the front of the kurti (right side up). Center it where you would like the neckline to lie.
- Sew the neckline to the kurti along the inner edge of your interfacing. Start sewing from the middle of the neckline, so that you can be sure it remains centered.
- Make a few snips in the edge of the neckline fabric (if you have a neckline with corners, do so in the corners; if you have a curved neckline, do so a few times along the curve). Make the snips as close as possible to the stitching you just sewed.
- Flip the interfaced fabric over the neckline so that it now lies on the inside of your kurti. Sew it in place.
Preparing the Front Neckline (Boat Neck)
Attaching the Front Neckline
Snipping the Excess Fabric of the Neckline and Flipping It Over
Step 6: Sew Together the Shoulders of the Kurti and Create a Back Neckline
Next, you will begin sewing the various pieces of the kurti together:
- Line up the front and back pieces of the kurti with the right-side in.
- First, sew together the top of both shoulders, leaving a 1/4'' seam.
- Then take a strip of fabric the length of the back neckline about an inch-and-a-half thick. Fold it in half right-side out, and orient it so that the crease faces away from the neckline.
- If you are sewing the shoulder from left to right, trim the left end of your folded strip of fabric at a 30-degree angle (i.e. bias) slanting from bottom left to top right (like a backslash: "/").
- Line up the edge of the bias with the shoulder of the kurti right before the neckline starts, and sew it down. Then, rotate the folded strip of fabric so that it continues to line up with the neckline and sew it on. When you reach the end of the neckline, rotate the strip of fabric 30-degrees again and sew the new bias along the far shoulder.
- Trim the excess of strip.
- Flip the strip over so that it is now on the inside of the kurti and sew it down.
Sewing the Shoulders and Creating the Back Neckline
Step 7: Stitching Together the Rest of the Kurti
Now sew together the rest of the pieces. Remember, whenever you are sewing, you always want the right sides to face inward. Also, you should double stitch each seam for durability.
To attach the sleeves, start sewing from the crease in the middle of the sleeve, which should line up with the shoulder. When you are finished sewing around, sew the edges of the sleeve together. Watch the video above starting at 5:35 to see an example of how to do this.
Next, sew down the sides until the point where the side split begins. In the video below, you will see that the seamstress marks off the bust, waist, and hip measurements once more, just to make sure.
After that, finish the edges by hemming the neckline, sleeves, side splits and bottom of the kurti.
Checking the Measurements for a Fitted Look
Step 8: Finish Stitching the Hems by Overlocking, or Serging
The final step in making any dress is overlocking, also known as serging. The overlocking machines, or sergers, create a strong seam edge and trim the excess fabric. Once the excess fabric is trimmed it cannot be replaced, so we should be careful not to trim off excess fabric while serging.
It is a good practice to use a scrap piece of material for practice before overlocking the actual finished garment.
Do I Need a Serger?
1. This is an optional step. Any dress can be worn without overlocking the seams, but, without overlocking, the inside seams of the fabric have raw edges and will wear out more quickly.
2. We can leave the seams unfinished in a sturdy fabric, such as cotton, but a silk or chiffon fabric has to be overlocked.
3. There are many sergers in the market that use anything from three to five threads. But no matter how technically good your serger is, it can never replace your sewing machine—you need to have both, or you need to use one of the workarounds for a serger shown in the videos below. This is because a sewing machine can sew buttonholes, zippers, facings, top stitchings, etc., while a serger cannot.
Again, you can use any finished garment without serging, but the inside seams will be raw and will never have a professional look. I always prefer to serge all my dresses, whether they be for personal use or for sale.
The videos below demonstrate what a serger is and how you can finish seams without one.
What Is a Serger?
Three Ways to Finish a Seam without a Serger
There You Are! You Have Finished Your Homemade Kurti
Congratulations! You have finished. Below is the result from the series of videos that accompanied this article.
I Hope This Article Was Helpful. Thank You for Visiting!
Please feel free to drop in your comments and suggestions.
PATTERN MAKING BOOKS/ PAPERS
HOPE IT WAS USEFUL TO YOU, THANK YOU FOR VISITING!
Shelley H on June 21, 2020:
Zehra on January 28, 2020:
Very very helpful videos and expalantion.... Thanku so much for making it so easy and understandable
Aqsa on November 13, 2019:
Very detailed n well explained article....very nice
martha on October 14, 2019:
Thanks. Effort taken and detailed explanation. Very good
Ghanendra on April 20, 2019:
Well explained in simple steps. Nice work. Thanks
geeta on December 02, 2017:
kanchana on December 01, 2017:
Jyoti on November 24, 2017:
megustaleer on November 09, 2017:
Very useful article! How do you figure out how much fabric you need?
Sakhi on June 09, 2017:
very detailed explanation...lot of effort and patience
Mary on February 25, 2017:
I happened upon this tutorial by accident and found it most interesting. You gave very good detailed instructions. Thank you.
DP on November 25, 2016:
Excellent. Truly helpful.
Anu on October 23, 2016:
Geart job with wonderful instructions.
davinder kaur on July 26, 2016:
its really nyc way ...thanku so much for doing too much effort...and well done for next one.. :) :)
Jashmir on June 07, 2016:
What an excellent video! I cant wait to start.
Sakthi on June 03, 2016:
himmat on May 30, 2016:
nice . please give us tips what combination and color is proper in stitching of kurties as a accessories
like witch type of patches we attach on it
Bhakti Goswami on May 07, 2016:
Really amazing guide about kurtis, you have provided very useful tips and you can wear this Kurti on any formal occasion, have a look at Lashkaraa to find more
Neema on July 19, 2015:
Hi this is really an easy and understandable project but I cannot
Pin it to Pinterest .will u help then it would be even grt.
sudha on May 31, 2015:
Very useful instructions ... great job.
Anima Sharma on May 11, 2015:
Really useful and meaningful tips.
raj on May 04, 2015:
Nice and useful
noushad tla on March 21, 2015:
Very nice and easy method .it's really helpful thank u..
annie! on October 28, 2014:
Thank you SO very much!
anonymous on July 27, 2013:
THANKS A LOT, IT WAS REALLY HELP FULL
anonymous on July 02, 2013:
anonymous on June 05, 2013:
Tutorial was lovely and very informative. thank you so much.
anonymous on April 05, 2013:
very useful ... thanks !!!
anonymous on March 22, 2013:
very original.knowledge with experience.thank u dear.
anonymous on February 16, 2013:
it was very useful and informative dear thank you so much
FRANCOEUR (author) on February 12, 2013:
@anonymous: Its 1-4, it means from 1 to 4 the measurement is half of your shoulder length..
anonymous on October 21, 2012:
@FRANCOEUR: i think by 1-4 half shoulder, u mean 0 - 4??
anonymous on September 15, 2012:
this tutorial was lovely and very informative. thank you so much dear
TTMall on September 04, 2012:
Welcome to Squidoo! I look forward to reading more from you!
FRANCOEUR (author) on August 30, 2012:
@homemaker123: Thank you!
homemaker123 on August 30, 2012:
amazing kurthi tutorial.... U've put a lot of effort here... Great Job... :)