Weaving is the most popular method of fabric construction used. It involves interlacing of yarns as a means to manufacture the fabrics. Each yarn is called either a warp (vertical) or a weft (horizontal) and they are interlaced at right angles to make a fabric structure. In simpler words, imagine you are making a mat, and you are inserting a straw one over the other perpendicularly.
The resultant in a Woven Fabric and variations are made to make different types of woven fabrics.
Some general properties of woven fabrics are as follows:
- Since the yarns are closely packed, woven fabrics are usually dimensionally stable in nature
- Because of the above reason, they are less stretchable than knitted fabrics (unless made from stretch yarns)
- Woven fabrics usually do not provide as good drapability qualities as knitted fabrics do
- They tend to crease and require ironing from time to time
- Since they are less crease resistant, pleat designs can be imparted easily
Some examples of woven fabrics as follows
Examples of Woven Fabrics
Knitting is a process that involves intermeshing loops of yarns to manufacture fabrics. In simpler words, loops are formed using one or more yarns in preceding and succeeding rows. The resultant fabric is called a Knitted Fabric and it is later used in garments such as t-shirts, sweatshirts etc.
Knitted fabric structures can be created by hand, commonly seen in sweaters, but usually, to manufacture commercial garments, knitting machines are used to manufacture fabrics of different types. The knitting machines use one or more needles of different types to manufacture fabrics.
Although there are many types of knitted fabrics available in the market, for different uses, there are some general properties of knitted fabrics:
- They have inherent elasticity naturally
- They may be inherently resilient
- Knitted fabrics provide unique drapability qualities
- They move easily with movements of the body
- They are easy to care as they may require little to no ironing
- They provide insulating properties in still air
- They have poor crease retention which means that pleats of any form are likely to loose shape
Some examples of knitted fabrics are as follows
Examples of Knitted Fabrics
Table Summary for Differences between Knitting and Weaving
Method of Construction
Converting yarn into fabric by interloping of yarns
Converting yarn into fabric by interlacement of warp & weft
Capital investment is less as compared to Weaving
The capital investment is higher than knitting
Machine Set Up Time
Setting up a machine is easy and faster
Not easy as compared with knitting
Styles and designs can be changed easily and faster
Design modification is difficult as compared to in knitting
Table Summary for Differences between Knitted and Woven Fabrics
|Parameters||Knitted Fabrics||Woven Fabrics|
Good elasticity as compared to woven fabrics
Less elasticity as compared to knitted fabrics
Crease resistance is generally higher than woven fabrics
Crease resistance is lower than knitted fabrics
Ironing not required (crease resistance is high)
Requires ironing (crease resistance is low)
Permeability to Air
More permeability to air
Less permeability to air
Strength of the Fabric
Less stronger fabrics than woven fabrics
Stronger fabrics than knitted fabrics
Feel of the Fabric
Feel of the fabric is soft
More rigid as compared to knitted fabrics
Questions & Answers
Question: What is the difference between spinning and weaving?
Answer: Spinning is the process of creating yarn from fibers where as weaving is the process of creating fabrics from yarns.
Question: Can knitting be hand based and machine-based as well?
Answer: Yes, knitting can be both hand based and machine-based. There are various kinds of knitting machines available today which help us manufacture different types of knit fabrics on a large scale.
© 2017 PGupta0919
billi on June 02, 2020:
life is good
viji on April 18, 2020:
PGupta0919 (author) on September 25, 2018:
BN yadav on September 24, 2018:
PGupta0919 (author) on September 23, 2018:
Rudraksh on September 23, 2018:
Easy to understand many differences
hanisiscomel on March 20, 2018:
i dont know what is textile actually, but get to this course in diploma and i used to like it day by day!!
PGupta0919 (author) on May 16, 2017:
Yeah, there are many variations of weaves which can make such fabrics.
Magicality LM on May 16, 2017:
Nice comparison ... There are more options nowadays though (like different weaving patterns creating elastic fabrics).