How to Make a Wet Felted Flower/A Free Tutorial
3 D Wet Felted-Flower
How to make a 3 D Wet-felted flower Step-by-Step
Making a felt flower is great place to begin to learn the basics of turning wool fibers into felt. Using these same techniques you have learned with one layer of felt you can now turn your talents to making a 3 D felt flower with a central core and it's own separate petals. This method makes it so much more of a challenge!
I like to lay down a brightly colored piece of plastic sheeting which has a circular design on it like the one pictured below. Then I lay a piece of bubble wrap onto it, smooth side facing upwards. I can still see the basic shape through my circle making it easy for me to see where I want to lay the fibers. You could just lay down a circular shape of colored card underneath your bubble wrap! You may have your circle as large or as small as you want your flower. The smaller the flower the finer the fibers I would say though be careful not to make them too thin. A larger flower will need a little more substance to it to hold it all together. It will also need a lot more rubbing, especially around the central core area to ensure that it is completely felted!
I begin by laying down a circle of fibers, keeping the central area a little thicker than the fibers which make up the petals. You might want to keep it simple at first, try using only one color at first and add a few different wool fibers to the top layer or make a simple yellow center. I like my petals wafer thin when the flower is completed but one has to be very careful not to make them too thin as the whole thing may disintegrate if you have not used enough!
Once I have laid down the first fibers I lay a piece of plastic wrap over them but not before I cut a hole in the center of the plastic wrap I intend to cover it with. This hole will expose the central core of the flower which lies beneath the plastic ,(see images below). When you add the next row of wool fibers ensure that they touch each other and eventually fuse together and become like one when felted at the end.
This whole process is repeated again. Try incorporating some design work in the top layer of the flower using silk fibers or other little bits of decorative wool fiber. These should be covered in odd places here and there so that they embed themselves into the felt during the felting process.
Cover the project with a piece of curtain netting. Wet with boiling hot water mixed with a dash of dish washing liquid. Use a sponge to drip some of the water into the central hole which will eventually become the core of the flower and hold it all together. Gently dab the sponge over the rest of the netting to wet it down. Cover it with a piece of bubble wrap smooth side up and force the water to go throughout the flower. The water will spread outwards towards the edges of the flower. Don’t add too much water as you will displace the fibers. Too dry and it won’t felt easily so , a happy medium is required here! If it does get too wet dab it with a dry towel to remove the excess water.
Once thoroughly wet, begin rubbing with a little soapy water on your hands and on the bubble wrap. You should do this carefully until you can remove the netting without displacing the top fibers. Take the netting off and replace it with a piece of bubble wrap to cover the flower and begin rubbing again until you can perform the pinch test – this is where the fibers will not move if gently pinch them between two fingers! I like to turn the whole project over to make sure I can do the same with the lower fibers at the bottom too. If not work on the bottom for a while.
When done, you can begin disassembling the flower as in the images below, give it a good dousing of boiling water, rinse it and then shock it with some cold water. Throw it around a bit on the counter top until it becomes firmer or alternatively roll it in some bubble wrap with a pool noodle or in a bamboo mat. This helps the felting process and dries it out very quickly.
You should be able to separate the petals from each other now. Shape the flower as required in your fingers and use a small stitch to hold it in place. Sew a little clip on the back or attach it to a hat with a silver plated hat pin with a protection cap.
Please ask if you have any queries and if you have some of your own suggestions for making the process better or easier, I would love to hear from you.
Place a sheet of plastic down.
Placing your wool fibers
How to place your design
Cut a hole in the plastic wrap
Add a little more to the design
Second Layer of Plastic
Cover with curtain netting
Items required for next stage
Hot soapy water plus sponge
Dab on more hot soapy water
Top with a piece of bubble wrap
Check to see if the fibers are saturated.
Remove the piece of netting
Bubble wrap covering the project
Rub briskly with your fingers.
Turn project over and rub firmly
Check the layers for stability
Check central core of flower
Separate layers can be seen
Start removing the layers of plastic wrap
First layer with plastic wrap removed
Second layer of plastic wrap removed
Removing final piece of plastic wrap
Plastic wrap completely removed
Shocking it with boiling water
Shocked and thrown about on the counter
3 D Wet Felted Felt Flower
Wet felted pink flower
How to Wet Felt a 3D Felt Flower using an Electric Sander
3D Flower Tutorial Using an Electric Sander
This video by the same author uses a slightly different technique to achieve the same result.
Questions & Answers
I have used your felted flower tutorial several times over the years, and this time I am struggling. Are there any tricks to having the petals stay open? I have to pull and pull to get them apart.
It is possible that the petals have not been rolled or rubbed enough before you remove the plastic film. It is likely that the petals then fuse together under the hot and cold water as the wool shrinks further. My favorite tool these days is my heavy duty bamboo blind. I do all my rolling inside one. I recommend that you look out for a cheap one at a thrift shop or a car boot sale which you can use instead of bubble wrap.
© 2013 Sally Gulbrandsen