As a teacher at all levels and mother of five children, Bronwen has been interested in a variety of crafts for both children and adults.
A Great Knitting Project
Knitting a cosy rug (or in American English, a blanket) is a good project for either summer or winter. As a rug is quite large, it can take a while to complete, but the squares are not large, and a couple can be completed quite easily while watching the news and a show on TV in an evening.
Advantages of Rugs as Projects
- Making a rug is something that can be picked up and done while relaxing around a fire and chatting together—and then left for months while you are occupied with other projects, and then come back to again.
- It is a good way of using up all those odd balls of wool left over from other projects.
- A small rug, using just a couple of colours arranged in a pattern, is a great gift for either a child or an older person.
- Larger rugs can be made to fit a single bed, a double bed or even a queen-sized bed.
It's a good idea to decide whether to use pure wool or just what type of yarn you will use, especially if you plan to give it away when it is finished. Some of my children will not use anything but natural products for their children, so it's important to remember not to use man-made products in gifts for them, or all that work may be relegated to a charity shop.
A hand-knitted rug can make a great gift for an adult grandchild, too; they know that the rug has been made for them with love.
How to Knit a Square
There are different ways of making the squares that will later be sewn or crocheted together to make the rug. Eight-ply wool is a good material to use, and size 4.00 mm (or No. 8) knitting needles work well for this type of project.
- Straight Square: A square can be knitted just straight by casting on, say, 30 stitches; knit plain (garter stitch) until it makes a square and then cast off.
- Square Knitted on the Diagonal: A square can be made by beginning with 2 sts and knitting either plain (garter stitch) or 1 row plain, one row purl (stocking stitch) and increasing 1 stitch each end of every second row until the size of the square is what you require (again 30 stitches works well), then decreasing each end of every second row. This has the advantage that the square has better 'pull' in the finished rug.
- Squares That Have a Pattern: A rug that is made up of squares that have a pattern can be more attractive.
Leaf Pattern Square
Instructions for the different stitches are shown above and also on my linked article, which is shown at the bottom of the article. This pattern is not original; I copied it several years ago and do not now know the source.
Cast on 2 sts.
1st row: K1, yarn forward, K1.
2nd row: K1, P1, K1.
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3rd row: (K1, yfwd) twice, K1.
4th row: K1, P3, K1. Continue increasing in this way for rows 5 and 6.
7th row: K1, yn round needle, P1K2,yfwd, K1, yfwd, K2, P1, yarn over needle, K1.
8th row: K1, P1, K1, P7, K1, p1, K1.
9th row: K1, yrn, P2, K3, yfwd, K1, yfwd, k3, p2, yon, K1.
10th row: K1, P1, K2, P9, K2, P1, K1. Increase like this for rows 11 - 15.
16th row: K1, P1, K5, P15, K5, P1, K1.
17th row: K1, yrn, P6, yn back, slip 1, K1, pass slip st over, k 11, K2 tog, P.6, yon, K1.
18th row: K1, P1, K6, P13, K6, P1, K1. Decrease leaf size for rows 19-26
27th row: K1, yrn, P11, ybk, sl1, K1, psso, K1, K 2 tog, P11, yon, K1.
28th row: K1, P1, K11, P3, K11, P1, K1.
29th row: K1, yrn, P12, ybk, sl1, K2 tog, psso, P12, yon, K1 (29 sts)
30th row: K1, purl to last st, K1.
31st row: K2 tog. Knit to last 2 sts, K2 tog.
32nd row: As 30th row.
33rd row: K2 tog, yfwd, rep to lst 2 sts, K3 tog.
34th row: Knit.
35th row: As 31st row.
Repeat rows 30 to 35 three times, then rows 30 and 31 once.
Last row: p3 tog. Fasten off.
How to Make a Block
Make four squares, then sew or crochet them together with the leaves facing inwards to make a block. The leaves will then look like the petals of a flower.
How Many Blocks Needed
- Knee-rug or a child's rug: 3 x 3 (9) blocks is sufficient (that is, 36 small squares)
- Rug for a single bed: about 4 x 6 (24) blocks.
- Rug for a double bed: about 6 x 6 (36) blocks.
How to Finish the Rug
- Set all the blocks out in a large space and move them around until you find the colour combinations pleasing.
- Sew or crotchet the blocks together.
- It can then be complete, or you may wish to crochet an edging all around the rug.
- Finish with a light iron.
Questions & Answers
Question: On row 17, what is yarn back?
Answer: You change the yarn back without knitting a stitch.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on August 29, 2021:
I'm sorry, I don't speak Spanish. My son-in-law teaches it in a university, so he translated it for me. He said it would be best for you to look up YouTube.
I hope this helps you.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on April 10, 2020:
Monica de argentina: I'm sorry, I don't speak Spanish. If you are making this project I hope it goes well and that you enjoy it.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on November 08, 2019:
Audrey Howitt: Well, yes, it did take a while, but it's my excuse for watching TV - I don't feel guilty for wasting time if I'm knitting! Thank you for your lovely comment.
Audrey Howitt from California on November 06, 2019:
Well, this is beautiful! It must have taken you forever!
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on November 06, 2019:
Julie: Yay! Glad you were able to do that and did not have to wait so long.
Julie on October 27, 2019:
Thank you for getting back to me I figured it out xx
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on October 21, 2019:
Julie: I'm not surprised that you were struggling with it, but it's a wonder someone else had not picked up that omission. Of course, that slipped stitch needed a stitch to pass over. Thank you so much for noticing the error. If you look at row 17 now, you'll find that it has been added. Please accept my apology.
Julie on October 19, 2019:
Could explain row 17 to me please am struggling with it
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on May 20, 2019:
Yvonne C Dunmore: Thank you for your lovely comment. God bless you, too. I hope you have a great time when you try this pattern.
Yvonne C Dunmore on May 18, 2019:
Thank you so much for giving such detailed instructions on this pattern. I am so looking forward to trying this. God bless you for sharing with us.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on March 11, 2018:
Margaret: Well, I never thought I was much good at maths, especially when I had to teach the subject, but I do love to knit. So glad that I was able to help.
Margaret on March 11, 2018:
I’ve been looking for this pattern... THANK YOU for it..
It certainly does test your math skills
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on March 09, 2018:
Leanne: I'm sorry you're having problems with the pattern. Once you've made a few squares you'll probably know it off by heart. Have you tried using a row counter? That might help.
Leeanne on March 02, 2018:
Really struggling with this pattern. I'm always increasing the stitches and I don't know how I'm doing it
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on August 22, 2017:
firstname.lastname@example.org: I would love to be able to translate this for you, but unfortunately, while I might manage in a few other languages, yours is not one of them. I hope you find someone who can help you. Good luck!
email@example.com on August 20, 2017:
I need translate this, please, I,m from Brasil
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on February 21, 2017:
Megan: Sorry that was not so clear. Hope this helps.
Row 4 (as above): K1, P3, K1.
Row 5: (k1, yarn forward) 4 times, k1.
Row 6: k1, p7, k1.
I'm making another rug at the moment - it's my excuse to myself for not wasting time while watching TV! I'm using some of those yarns that have lengths of different colours and it's fun seeing patches of colour emerge in different patterns.
megan on February 20, 2017:
How do you do the increase for 4th to 6th row i do not understand as i am only a beginner and have never made anything knitted from a pattern. I really want to make one of these blankets for my daughter who is due in may as i remember how much i adored the one my grandma made me when i was a little girl. please answer thanks.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on January 03, 2017:
Kim, I'm sorry for my late reply, I've been away on holiday.
Rows 11-15 follow the same pattern, allowing for the increases:
11: K1, yrn, P3, K4, fwd, K1, fwd, K4, P3, yon, K1.
12: K1, P1, K3, P11, K3, P1, K1.
13: K1, yrn, P4, K5, yfwd, K1, yfwd, K5, P4, yon, K1.
14: K1, P1, K4, P13, K4, P1, K1.
15: K1, yrn, P5, K6, yfwd, K1, yfwd, K6, P5, yon, K1.
Hope this helps!
Kim on December 24, 2016:
Hi I'm trying this out but can't figure out how to increase between 11-15. (Obviously not as clever as Barbara Lynn. Could you help me out please.
BlossomSB on November 02, 2016:
PegCole17: Thank you! It also means that it can be made one little square at a time, which doesn't seem such a daunting project, and over time they mount up. Also, yes, all those bits left over from other projects and they combine to make happy memories of past work. I hope you do try it and that it is fun for you!
Peg Cole from North Dallas, Texas on October 29, 2016:
This project is absolutely stunning. I love the close up of the leaf pattern. What a terrific way to use up all those bits of yarn that aren't enough for a solid piece. Your instructions were easy to follow as well. I look forward to trying out this one. Sharing this.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on May 30, 2016:
Frannytwentysecon: Sorry I missed your second comment until now! I tried several times to click on the URL you sent, but each time my computer froze and I had to go back to square one! Serves me right for being so slow! Thank you anyway.
Barbara Lynn: Yes, I guess it wasn't very clear.
Row 19: K1, yrn, P7, yb, slip 1, K1, psso, K9, K2 tog, P7, yon, K1.
Row 20: K1, P1, K7, P11, K7, P1, K1.
Row 21: K1, yrn, P8, yb, slip 1,K1, psso, K7, K2 tog. P8, yon, K1.
Row 22: K1, P1, K8, P9, K8, P1, K1.
Row 23: K1, yrn, P9, yb, slip1, K1, psso, K5, K2 tog, P9, yon, K1.
Row 24: K1, P1, K9, P7, K9, P1, K1.
Row 25: K1, yrn, P10, yb, slip1, K1, psso, K3, K2 tog. P10, yon, K1.
Row 26: K1, P1, K10, P5, K10, P1, K1.
Hope this helps!
Yes, 29 stitches is correct. Hope it all works for you now.
Barbara Lynn on May 30, 2016:
I figured out how to increase (rows 5, 6 and 11 - 16), but I'm at a loss for how to decrease (rows 19 - 26).
Also, after row 18, I have 29 stitches. Please confirm that is correct.
Thanks so much.
Frannytwentysecon on July 13, 2015:
Hello again Bloss!! If you follow this link, click on "virtual tours" & then on the "master bedroom" you can see the Lanyon example of this rug. It is in cream, too & looks just lovely on an old 4-poster bed. If the link doesn't work, just Google "Lanyon Homestead".
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on July 11, 2015:
Frannytwentysecon: Thank you! I didn't know it was an antique pattern, but it certainly has been around for a while. It's an enjoyable one to knit, as it keeps the interest going.
Lois: Cream! That sounds lovely. It may take a while, but I'm sure it will look beautiful.
Lois on July 11, 2015:
Thank you so much for posting this pattern.....I have been looking for just this bedspread, and am off to buy some cream wool to make a start.!
Frannytwentysecon on July 10, 2015:
Thank you so much for posting this!! I have been looking for a pattern for a hand-knitted rug similar to this for some time. There is an example at Lanyon Homestead, a historical museum outside of Canberra. The original pattern was from one of the Campbell ladies (the original owners in the 1800s) , and was made by the Museum volunteers. However, they don't have the pattern (!!!). Your pattern certainly comes closest to any I've found on the internet. It must be quite an antique pattern. I love it!! Thanks again.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on January 06, 2015:
Umaima: The blocks are around 10" or 25 cm. They're fun to knit.
Umaima on January 06, 2015:
Can u plz tell me the mesurment of I block it's actually really good thank u
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on August 04, 2014:
CakeMixer: How lovely. Your blanket makes a warm, happy memory of your Nanna. It's great that you've taken up knitting now. It's so satisfying to see a project grow.
CakeMixer on August 04, 2014:
Thanks for the leaf pattern; my Nanna made me a blanket like that about 10 years ago now and I still have it and treasure it. I was never much of a knitter when she was still alive but I have finally started picking it up now.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on May 03, 2014:
AudreyHowitt: Thank you for asking, I should remember to put in the links, but often forget, I'm so pleased you reminded me. I've just gone back and added the ones I mentioned. The links are below the last photo on this hub.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on May 03, 2014:
Thank you, Audrey, for your lovely comment. I thought I also had a vest/ sleeveless pullover on here. I'll have to check. I haven't been doing any creative knitting lately, just more rugs. I'm crotcheting around the edge of my last one at the moment. I'll see what I can do about more projects, but it might take a while.
Audrey Howitt from California on May 02, 2014:
This is beautiful and I would love it if you had more knitting projects on here!
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on October 16, 2013:
Sushma Webber: Wow! You have been busy reading my hubs! Thank you. Yes, it's pretty and practical as well. Once I've done two or three of the small squares I remember the pattern and they seem to grow quite quickly while I'm watching TV. Happy knitting!
Sushma Webber from New Zealand on October 16, 2013:
What a beautiful rug, especially the pattern with the flower in it. I hope to one day make one like this.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on March 12, 2013:
stars439: Thank you for your lovely comment. I've now started an another for a Granddaughter's 21st birthday. May God bless you, too.
stars439 from Louisiana, The Magnolia and Pelican State. on March 10, 2013:
A very nice hub with beautiful photos. A beautiful design. God Bless You.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on February 03, 2013:
Rolly A Chabot: That is so true. I still have a small rug a Great-aunt crocheted for me when I was a child. It's rather tatty now, but a prized possession.
Rolly A Chabot from Alberta Canada on February 02, 2013:
Hi BlossomSB... thanks for sharing this and there is nothing like something handmade and completed with love on a cool night...
Hugs and Blessing from Canada
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on February 01, 2013:
Glimmer Twin Fan: That's a great idea. I've tried writing but it's too difficult to concentrate and keep an eye on the TV at the same time. This way I tell myself I'm not wasting time!
always exploring: I'm glad you're going to give it a try - hope it works and that you have fun doing it.
Ruby Jean Richert from Southern Illinois on January 31, 2013:
I envy your talent. I would love to knit. I have tried it but it never turns out the way it is supposed to. With your directions, i should be able to do this. I have some lovely pieces given to me as gifts over the years. My favorite piece of yours is the four square block. It is beautiful..Thank you for sharing...
Claudia Porter on January 31, 2013:
This is absolutely beautiful and I am going to give it a try. I like to keep my hands busy when watching tv and not writing. Pinned!
Bronwen Scott-Branagan (author) from Victoria, Australia on January 31, 2013:
carter06: Oh, that would be lovely. I can imagine it in lovely pastel shades. I hope it works well.
faythef: It's so useful in that way. I seemed to have the top of my wardrobe full of bags with odd balls of wool before I started to make rugs.
Bake Like a Pro: I hope you have fun doing it. The beauty is that I can make it one square at a time, and that does not take so much time. In the end the squares just mount up.
Jean Bakula: Ha! I'm the same. My grandmother gave up trying to teach me to crotchet. I can now, but had to teach myself but sort of doing the instructions backwards! I much prefer to knit. Enjoy!
AudreyHowitt: Thank you. It can be any combination of colours that I want, too.
europewalker: It does look like a lot of work in the end, but it's something to pick up and do in between other projects and just by saving the small squares they eventually mount up into something.
Lipnancy: I admire them, too. Some of my grandchildren can crotchet beautifully, but I still prefer knitting. I find it more relaxing.
Nancy Yager from Hamburg, New York on January 31, 2013:
I have always admired people who can crochet and create beautiful articles.
europewalker on January 31, 2013:
It looks like a lot of work went into this very beautiful and colorful rug. Thanks for sharing.
Audrey Howitt from California on January 30, 2013:
This is so lovely Blossom! Thank you so much!
Jean Bakula from New Jersey on January 30, 2013:
This is simply lovely. I can knit, but being left handed always had trouble learning to crochet. You have inspired me!
Bake Like a Pro on January 30, 2013:
That is a masterpiece Blossom. It's gorgeous, I LOVE it. I know how to knit but never tried any patterns before. Thank you for this wonderful article. Voted up and sharing.
Faythe Payne from USA on January 30, 2013:
Very pretty..A great way to use up some of my leftovers..
Mary from Cronulla NSW on January 30, 2013:
This is a great project for the winter months blossom and so very pretty...have been looking for an easy to follow pattern to make a baby blanket for my daughter...thanks for sharing this...VUUB& A...cheers