How to Work a Single Crochet Stitch for Beginners With Video
The single crochet is not only the easiest stitch for beginners to master; it’s also the most essential! The single crochet is the foundation for the other stitches crocheters use. Once you master the single crochet stitch, making a double, or triple crochet is as easy as adding a yarn over.
The half double and the double crochet both add a single yarn over to the single crochet stitch.
The triple or treble crochet adds two yarn overs to the single crochet stitch.
To learn the single crochet, you’ll need to grab some yarn and a crochet hook, and preferably one that is larger in size such as an I or J hook. This will make is easier to work the stitch, and will make you less likely to get your yarn tangled.
Making a Slip Knot
The first step in working a single crochet step involves making a slip knot. This can be tricky the first time you do it, but it’s a very simple technique.
Hold the yarn like you’re going to make a regular knot, like the first knot you make when you tie your shoes, but don’t actually make the knot. You should have a long end of yarn that is attached to the skein, and a short end of yarn.
Insert the hook under the short strand of yarn, and pull down on both the long and short strands. This will create a movable knot, or “slip knot.”
Creating the Chain Stitch
The second step in working the single crochet requires making the chain stitch. This is how you create the foundation giving you a place to actually put the single crochet stitches. This is why it’s typically called the foundation chain.
To create the chain, simply loop the yarn of the hook, use the hook to grab the yarn and pull it through the loop that is already on the hook. Do this about ten times. This will allow you to practice the stitch by creating a row of single crochet.
Working the Single Crochet
Now that the foundation chain is made, it’s time to work your first single crochet stitch. You’ll start by inserting the hook into the second chain stitch from the hook.
When crocheting a pattern, any row that starts with a single crochet, will inevitably start with a single chain stitch. This gives you room to make the single crochet, and acts as the very first single crochet of the row. This is why you make your first single crochet in the second chain from the hook.
After inserting the hook into the chain stitch, pull the yarn over the hook just like you did for the chain stitch. In patterns, this is called a “yarn over” and is typically abbreviated as YO.
Use the hook to grab the yarn and pull it through the chain stitch. Yarn over again, and pull the yarn through both loops that are already on the hook.
You just made your first single crochet! Finish the row by working a single crochet stitch in each chain all the way across to the end of the row.
Once you get to the end of the row, make a single chain stitch and then turn the work so that all of the single crochet stitches you just made are on the left side of the chain.
Work a single crochet stitch in first single crochet, and in each single crochet of the row.
Create Your Own Cell Phone Cozy
You can continue to repeat this pattern for several rows to practice the stitch. If you repeat the rows until the piece measures about five inches in length, you can make a cell phone cozy!
All you have to do is repeat the process and create another piece that is also five inches in length and then sew the two pieces together.
Working a Single Crochet Stitch Video
In the video below, I show you how to crochet several single crochet stitches in the foundation chain. I also show you how to chain one, and then turn the work and start another row of single crochet.
Increasing and Decreasing
Increases and decreases often scare beginning crocheters because they not only make the pattern difficult to read when you’re first starting out, but they can also be confusing because you have to count the stitches.
Increases are easier than decreases I think. To increase, you work two or more stitches in one stitch of the row below. You can create simple patterns such as shells using increases. Many lace crochet patterns use increases to create the open and delicate look of lace. Increases are also commonly used when making the crown of a hat.
Half Double Crochet
Decreases are a bit more difficult. In a decrease, when you insert the hook to pull up a loop, you do it twice. You insert the hook in one stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop, and then insert the hook in the next stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop. You end up with three loops on your hook instead of just two. Then you yarn over and pull the yarn through all three loops on the hook. This makes two stitches into a single stitch.
Decreases are typically used in patterns such as blankets, pull-overs, stuffed animals and shawls, or cover-ups. They are most commonly used in patterns that require you to make a circle of some kind.
How Did I Do?
Did this tutorial explain the single crochet stitch well enough for you?
The single crochet stitch is a versatile one; it’s perfect for making tight, strong patterns like handbags and hats. It also makes a wonderful edging stitch.
© Copyright 2013 - 2015 by Melissa "Daughter of Maat" Flagg, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED