Sewing a Seam
Sewing a Seam
Rip your pants? Want to make a dress or skirt? Then one of the things you'll need to know is how to properly sew a seam.
The seam is a fundamental part of any sewn piece. It is the line of stitching between two pieces of fabric, and helps to create structure to a garment. If you're beginning to sew, here are some practical seam methods to put into practice.
Materials For Seam Stitching
Some things you will likely need include:
- A sewing machine or hand-sewing needles
- Seam ripper
- Tape measure
A seam ripper is helpful to quickly remove any unwanted stitching, such as when you make a mistake, or when you want to undo a seam to make alterations.
How to Find the 5/8" Seam Allowance Mark on a Sewing Machine
The 5/8" mark on a sewing machine's footplate is often bisected by the large screw that attaches the footplate to the sewing machine.
How to Sew a Seam With a Sewing Machine
If you're constructing a new garment, you'll need to know a few things before starting:
1. Typical pattern sewing instructions assume a 5/8" seam allowance. This means that the seam is sewn 5/8" from the edge of the fabric. Measure this distance on your sewing machine so that you'll know what mark on the footplate denotes a 5/8" allowance. Use masking tape if you like to make it more obvious, and to make it easier to line up your fabric perfectly to sew that 5/8" seam allowance.
2. Sewing a curved seam is actually very similar to sewing a straight seam. Guide the fabric with one hand and let the sewing foot help move things along. Keep your eye on that 5/8" mark on the footplate so that your seam stays accurate.
3. Pin fabric pieces together so that the pins run perpendicular to the seam. This will allow you to sew right over pins, if you want to. (I personally remove pins as they get close to the needle, though.) Don't be afraid to use lots of pins, as they will help keep your fabric pieces from shifting and will help you sew a better seam.
4. After sewing a seam, always press it open. There is a technique to this, designed to ensure that the seam is a nice flat join. See the "How to Press Open a Seam" pictorial guide for directions.
Practice Seam Sewing
Using scrap materials, practice sewing seams by doing the following:
- Pin two fabric pieces together, matching edges.
- Make sure that the sewing foot is in the up position, and that the needle is up. The threads will be long, loose and hang back, away from you.
- Place the fabric under the sewing foot, lining up the right edge of the fabric at the 5/8" guideline on the footplate. The top edge of the fabric will be close to the needle. Lower the foot.
- Place the sewing machine into "reverse" stitching mode and sew in reverse for a couple of stitches to lock the beginning of the seam.
- Place the sewing machine back into "forward" stitching mode and sew forward, using your left hand to help guide the fabric. Note that the machine will automatically "feed" the fabric so that it moves from front to back (not side to side.) Your left hand simply makes sure that the fabric moves with control.
- When you reach the end of the seam, place the sewing machine into "reverse" stitching mode and sew a couple of stitches in reverse to lock the end of the seam.
- Lift the sewing foot up, pull the fabric out and clip the threads close to the garment.
Once you are comfortable sewing a practice seam, you're ready to tackle the real thing!
Sewing a Seam
A Sewn Seam
How to Press Open a Seam
How to Repair a Seam
If you've ripped out a seam on an existing garment, don't worry - it is usually quite easy to repair. To start, turn the garment inside-out and then remove any stray bits of thread from the area that you are about to repair.
Next, match up edges so that you can re-sew the ripped part of the seam. Pin the two pieces of fabric together so that the area won't shift while you are sewing.
If Using a Sewing Machine:
If you're using a sewing machine, place the garment under the sewing foot. Lower the foot so that the needle lines up with the existing seamline.
Sew a few stitches in reverse so that you "lock" the beginning of the seam. This is similar to making a knot - if you sew a few stitches in reverse first, the seam that you sew won't unravel.
Then sew forward until you've stitched the entire area. Note that you can sew right over needles that are placed perpendicular to the seam, or remove each needle as you approach it with the sewing needle.
When you've completed stitching, sew a few stitches in reverse to lock the end of the seam. Clip the loose threads and you're done!
If you're handstitching, thread a needle and knot the end of the thread. Using a simple running stitch or backstitch, stitch the area that you are repairing. Make an overhand knot when you reach the end of the repair area and clip the thread close to the knot.