Free Crochet Patterns for Beginners

Updated on February 6, 2018
hsschulte profile image

I love to share my favorite patterns on the web for people out there who like making things as much as I do!

Crochet Wash Cloths
Crochet Wash Cloths

Learn to Crochet With Free Patterns

Have you ever wanted to learn crochet? Beginners can find instructions for making crochet stitches and free crochet patterns here. All the patterns and instructions are in simple English without abbreviations. It's hard enough to learn how to crochet without deciphering abbreviations at the same time, right? I hope you find these patterns useful!

Crochet Squares for Beginners
Crochet Squares for Beginners

Crocheting Basics

1. Some people hold the crochet hook like a pencil. Others hold the crochet hook like a spoon. I personally hold it like a spoon. Do whatever is comfortable for you. Crochet should be enjoyable.

2. The first thing you need to do with any crochet pattern is to tie a slipknot.
Tie a Slipknot for Crochet

3. Next, you will chain stitch. All crochet patterns begin with a chain stitch. Look to the specific pattern to learn how many chain stitches to make. If you are just learning and not following any specific pattern, simply chain 15 and move to the next step.

4. A crochet pattern will tell you what type of yarn to use, what type of hook to use and what type of stitch to make after you have created the chain stitch. Two of the simplest crochet stitches are the single and double crochet stitches. This is a good stitch for beginners. All the patterns on this page were made using a double crochet stitch or single crochet stitch.

5. The tension you use during crochet, the size of the hook you use, and the weight of the yarn influences the size of the stitch and outcome of the pattern. Many beginners don't allow enough slack in the yarn as they crochet. Pull the yarn loose from the ball and make sure it is not pulling as you crochet.

6. When crocheting a single or double stitch, you stitch through the top loops of the previous row of stitches. You can change the appearance of finished project by changing the way you stitch through the loops on the previous row. Stitching through only one loop creates a ridge pattern (seen in the potholder below). Stitching through both loops creates a flat pattern.

How to Crochet a Chain

Double Crochet Stitch
Double Crochet Stitch

Washcloths are quick and easy to crochet. Beginners can make one in less than an hour with inexpensive cotton yarn. I like to decorate my bathroom with them. Nothing makes bath time a treat like a good homemade washcloth. The yarn to the right, "Peaches and Creme" is a good cotton yarn for making wash cloths.

Washcloth Crochet Pattern

Rectangle Rug for Beginners
Rectangle Rug for Beginners

Crochet a Rectangular Rug

This rug is double crocheted by using 3 pieces of yarn at once, which gives it plenty of weight on the floor. It requires a large hook to crochet with three pieces of yarn at the same time. The great thing about making your own bathroom accessories is that you can customize the colors and sizes to your own liking.

Rectangular Rug Crochet Pattern

Crochet a Potholder for Beginners
Crochet a Potholder for Beginners

Crochet a Potholder

The potholder was crocheted using the same pattern as the washcloth; except it was done by crocheting through only one loop of the previous row to give it a ridged pattern. A chain stitch was used at the end to create a loop for hanging the potholder. Nothing makes baking more fun than using your own custom crocheted potholder.

Crochet a Potholder

Beginner Crochet Pattern
Beginner Crochet Pattern

Crochet a Scarf

The scarf is crocheted through only one loop of the previous row to create a ridge pattern also. It is a quick and easy project to crochet.

Make it as a gift to show your friends and family that you put time and thought into their gift. It is perfect for Christmas. Of course, you can always make one for yourself too!

What You'll Need:

  • Caron Eco Soft Recycled Yarn (Navy, Chocolate, Wine)
  • Crochet hook

Crochet a Scarf

crochet oval
crochet oval

Crochet an Oval

You can crochet an oval for making a doily, rug, table runner, or anything you can imagine, using the same double crochet stitch used above! The traditional way to make an oval is to double crochet all the way around the work and then turn the work and go back around the other direction. This creates a seam in the oval that must be slip stitched together.

How to Crochet an Oval Using a Double Crochet Stitch

Crochet an oval rug with double crochet stitch
Crochet an oval rug with double crochet stitch

Crochet an Oval Rug

I made this double crocheted rug using the instructions for crocheting an oval above. I used two strands of yarn at the same time to give the rug extra weight. I crochet ovals using the loosest stitch possible, to prevent gathering as the rug gets bigger.

Beginner Instructions to Crochet a Heart
Beginner Instructions to Crochet a Heart

Crochet a Heart

Another cool thing you might want to try with the double crochet stitch is to make a heart. If you have crocheted before, you can make this heart in an hour or less. It makes a cute homemade valentine's day gift idea as well.

How to Crochet a Heart | Free Pattern for the Beginner

How to Crochet Roses for Beginners
How to Crochet Roses for Beginners

How to Crochet a Rose

Crocheted roses are easy to make, requiring only knowledge of the single, double, and chain stitch. They can be used to embellish scarves, blankets, hats, and many other crochet projects. They can also be used in crafts of other kinds.

Your friends will never know you're a beginner because these roses will make you look like a crochet expert!

How to Crochet a Rose

How to Crochet an African Flower Hexagon

Beginner Crochet Project Inspiration

Click thumbnail to view full-size
An afghan from granny squares.Granny square. Easier for beginners than you think.Granny square washcloths for beginnersMake a rug with double crocheted squaresDouble crochet scarfDouble crochet an oval.Doily from granny squares
An afghan from granny squares.
An afghan from granny squares.
Granny square. Easier for beginners than you think.
Granny square. Easier for beginners than you think.
Granny square washcloths for beginners
Granny square washcloths for beginners
Make a rug with double crocheted squares
Make a rug with double crocheted squares
Double crochet scarf
Double crochet scarf
Double crochet an oval.
Double crochet an oval.
Doily from granny squares
Doily from granny squares

Vote on Your Favorite Crochet Patterns

Beginners, did you have a first crochet project that turn out amazing? If so, vote here and share your success!

See results

Questions & Answers

    © 2009 hsschulte

    Comments on Crochet Patterns for Beginners

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      • profile image

        Dawn Johnson 

        15 months ago

        It sounds like fun.

        I used to crochet but got away from it so I want to get back to it.

      • profile image

        bevreader 

        18 months ago

        As a lefty, I get frustrated on patterns. Is it my mental block or should I just do it backwards?

      • profile image

        Dyann 

        20 months ago

        Where's the direction for baby beanies? Was it in the "how to" part? I guess I gotta go back.

      • aesta1 profile image

        Mary Norton 

        2 years ago from Ontario, Canada

        Love these crochet patterns. I need a pot holder right now so I will crochet one. Thanks.

      • profile image

        anonymous 

        5 years ago

        I'm just trying to learn crochet. This is a great lens; I've bookmarked it. : )

      • profile image

        fiskars 

        6 years ago

        I just decided I needed a new hobby and crocheting was what i picked. I was starting to regret that choice until i saw this lens. Apparently i had been doing A lot wrong. Thank you for this, it saved me.

      • profile image

        purpleslug 

        6 years ago

        Great lens! I just added it to my favorites.

      • profile image

        DecoratingMom411 

        6 years ago

        Great lens. Nice selection and very informative, perfect for beginners.

      • profile image

        rubymantoya 

        6 years ago

        Ever wonder what the meaning of names are? Here are pretty girl names and some unique names for girls that you will surely like!

      • JoyfulReviewer profile image

        JoyfulReviewer 

        6 years ago

        Nice selection of beginner projects and helpful resources to complete them. Blessed!

      • profile image

        gradientcat 

        6 years ago

        Nice collection of beginner patterns.

      • Phoenix2361 profile image

        Phoenix2361 

        6 years ago

        After nearly 25 years, I suddenly decided to start crocheting again. This lens will come in very handy as I seem to have forgotten a few things. Thanks for posting.

      • julescorriere profile image

        Jules Corriere 

        6 years ago from Jonesborough TN

        What a terrific article for crochet beginners (like me) My mom and sister usedt o crochet all the time, but I never got the knack of it. This is so helpful. Blessed!

      • profile image

        KarenCookieJar 

        6 years ago

        My mom used to Crochet all the time. She made countless blankets, pillows, scarves, you name it!

      • dahlia369 profile image

        dahlia369 

        6 years ago

        Nice collection of patterns for beginners, great and resource! :)

      • profile image

        anonymous 

        6 years ago

        I can remember my mum crocheting when we were younger, never took it up though so I would need patterns for beginners

      • oceansky lm profile image

        Lisa Morris 

        6 years ago

        I love to crochet, it is kind of a family tradition. Great lens, I love it.

      • Pam Irie profile image

        Pam Irie 

        6 years ago from Land of Aloha

        Happy National Crochet Week! :)

      • OrganicMom247 profile image

        OrganicMom247 

        6 years ago

        Lovely lens! I have always wanted to try crocheting, your lens guided me pretty good. Thanks so much for the info!

      • profile image

        faye durham 

        6 years ago

        Happy National Crochet Week. Your lens is encouraging me to give it a try. Lots of good information here.

      • Wednesday-Elf profile image

        Wednesday-Elf 

        6 years ago from Savannah, Georgia

        Happy National Crochet Week my fellow crafter! :)

      • profile image

        lilPinkfairy288 

        6 years ago

        Great lens with patterns. Your lens is encouraging me to give it a try. Thanks for sharing!

      • WriterJanis2 profile image

        WriterJanis2 

        6 years ago

        I am amazed at what a beginner can do.

      • profile image

        jimmyworldstar 

        6 years ago

        What's the best technique to learn for beginners? I'm trying to get a set for my daughter.

      • DesignedbyLisa LM profile image

        DesignedbyLisa LM 

        6 years ago

        Lots of great ideas. Thanks!

      • JoyfulReviewer profile image

        JoyfulReviewer 

        6 years ago

        Thanks for showing so many possibilities for crocheting. Someday ... maybe I'll get back to crocheting.

      • profile image

        anonymous 

        6 years ago

        Came by to refresh my Squid Angel blessing on your fantastic Crochet Patterns lens. :)

      • Eighteen18 profile image

        Eighteen18 

        6 years ago

        I really MUST give it a try!

      • JohnMichael2 profile image

        JohnMichael2 

        6 years ago

        wonderful presentation, I may have to attempt to make a scarf

      • profile image

        Ivalotasay 

        6 years ago

        Love finding new crochet patterns - thanks

      • Showpup LM profile image

        Showpup LM 

        6 years ago

        I need to dig out my crochet hooks and get back to work! Great patterns you've showcased here.

      • profile image

        livingfrontiers 

        6 years ago

        A great lens on crochet...which is so much fun and enjoyable. A great way to spend a day with family or friends!

      • Gayle Dowell profile image

        Gayle Dowell 

        6 years ago from Kansas

        My daughter is teaching me to crochet. I'm making a scarf. Great tutorial that I'll come back to for a refresher. Blessed

      • profile image

        rachellelikes 

        6 years ago

        this lens actually makes me think i just might be able to crochet ;)

      • profile image

        acreativethinker 

        6 years ago

        Great ideas and patterns. I love to crochet blankets. Thanks for sharing. Take Care :)

      • caffimages profile image

        caffimages 

        6 years ago

        Great lens. My first grandchild is due in March and I've just made a blanket. you have some lovely ideas here!

      • profile image

        anonymous 

        6 years ago

        Nice lens! I think my first pattern was a Barbie blanket for my little sisters (wash cloth) about 30 years ago. I love to crochet, it is so relaxing to me. Most winters I make an afghan just because it's so relaxing to me. Most of the people I know knit if they do either, so it's nice to see someone who crochets!

      • Pam Irie profile image

        Pam Irie 

        6 years ago from Land of Aloha

        Really nice basic crochet patterns for beginners (or anyone interested in crochet) to choose from on this lens. A crocheted washcloth was my very first project long ago. :)

      • jphendrix profile image

        jphendrix 

        6 years ago

        I like this lense! There are some great free patterns here, anyone can create something with these free patterns!

      • profile image

        pawpaw911 

        6 years ago

        My Grandmother and her sister used to crochet a lot. I still have a few things they made.

      • junecampbell profile image

        June Campbell 

        6 years ago from North Vancouver, BC, Canada

        an excellent lens and a wonderful resource. Thank you.

      • lucybrz1 profile image

        lucybrz1 

        6 years ago

        I like to crochet. But for now I can make just simple patterns.

      • ClassyGals profile image

        Cynthia Davis 

        6 years ago from Pittsburgh

        This lens has inspired me to crochet a blanket for my son as a wedding gift!

        Blessed by a Squid Angel**

      • Eighteen18 profile image

        Eighteen18 

        6 years ago

        wow... I might actually be able to try!!! I love the wavy scarf - looks like I need lots of practise before I can make that though!

      • franstan lm profile image

        franstan lm 

        6 years ago

        Wonderful lens

      • Holley Web profile image

        Holley Web 

        6 years ago

        These are so lovely. It reminds me of learning to crochet with my grandmother. We had a great time and I made my first afghan out of "granny squares" when I was only 9 yrs old.

      • WorldVisionary3 profile image

        WorldVisionary3 

        6 years ago

        Such great tips and resources here for crochet patterns. Thanks!

      • hsschulte profile imageAUTHOR

        hsschulte 

        7 years ago

        @JackNimble: I'm hoping the lens will inspiring everyone to crochet, it's such a fun hobby. Thanks for stopping by.

      • hsschulte profile imageAUTHOR

        hsschulte 

        7 years ago

        @Scarlettohairy: Scarlett,

        Thanks for stopping by. Granny squares are my favorite too. They are so versatile.

      • JackNimble profile image

        JackNimble 

        7 years ago

        Cool lens for the crochet inspired!

      • MoiraCrochetsPl profile image

        MoiraCrochetsPl 

        7 years ago

        A very informative lens! Congratulations!

      • MoiraCrochetsPl profile image

        MoiraCrochetsPl 

        7 years ago

        A very informative lens! Congratulations!

      • Gayle Mclaughlin profile image

        Gayle 

        7 years ago from McLaughlin

        I have finished several afghans, but now I don't know how to start again. Thanks for this informative lens!

      • Scarlettohairy profile image

        Peggy Hazelwood 

        7 years ago from Desert Southwest, U.S.A.

        Nice sum up of crochet projects. I can't knit or crochet but love the good ol' Granny squares and oval rugs.

      • profile image

        william-kate 

        7 years ago

        awesome share. I have just started learning. And I hope this lens will be a great help to me.

        Will be visiting again and again.

      • profile image

        smithrusty 

        7 years ago

        This is a great tutorial on the basic crochet stitches, especially for a beginner. I had to teach myself lo these many years ago, and this would have been very helpful.

        really great job.

      • profile image

        patm2011 

        7 years ago

        This is a great post! I`ve just started my own site about "Crocheting Instructions" http://www.crochetinginstructions.org Please let me know what you think.

      • grandma deal profile image

        grandma deal 

        7 years ago

        See your link Here: Crochet For Homeless

        Hope it brings you some outside visitors.

      • bidzinger profile image

        bidzinger 

        7 years ago

        Really great lens for teaching crochet basics!

      • grandma deal profile image

        grandma deal 

        7 years ago

        Very good lens for Crochet Beginners. I'm lensrolling this to my Crochet Lenses. I'll also post a link on my www.CrochetForHomeless.org site. Liked and Favorited, FaceBooked, also. Great Job!

      • Philippians468 profile image

        Philippians468 

        7 years ago

        thank you for sharing this informative lens! cheers

      • profile image

        happynutritionist 

        7 years ago

        Excellent! I just started crocheting again after many years...finished a prayer shawl this week and started another for a ministry at our church and between am working on a shell afghan. Love the idea of doing rugs with a few strands, want to give one of those a try.

      • profile image

        Garadjo12 

        7 years ago

        Just a great information! Very informative.

      • Lemming13 profile image

        Lemming13 

        7 years ago

        Nice patterns!

      • joanv334 profile image

        joanv334 

        7 years ago

        Thanks for the patterns!

      • sorana lm profile image

        sorana lm 

        7 years ago

        Really like your lens. I like to crochet but haven't done it for a while. I might start again ... making a blanket is a good idea.

      • Julia Wildman profile image

        Julia Wildman 

        7 years ago

        great lens - I used to crochet when I was younger and have been thinking about picking it up again; this lens will certainly help!

      • profile image

        babygirl3605 

        7 years ago

        Wow great lens. I love to crochet and will be teaching my sister to do so.

      • VBright profile image

        VBright 

        7 years ago

        I love to crochet. Especially with thread. What a wonderful lens you have created. Keep up the great work!

      • RickyRobi LM profile image

        RickyRobi LM 

        7 years ago

        When I find some time, I will have to come back and learn how to crochet. My grandmother always wanted to teach me, but we never got around to it. It's too late now for her to teach me, but I can still learn this craft on my own.

      • Lemming13 profile image

        Lemming13 

        7 years ago

        Really good lens, I'm lensrolling it!

      • profile image

        Obscure_Treasures 

        8 years ago

        what a great lens...5*..

      • MomwithAHook LM profile image

        Sara Duggan 

        8 years ago from California

        What a lovely lens for beginning crocheters. Lots of wonderful simple projects for newbies.

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