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Free Crochet Patterns for Beginners

Updated on July 21, 2016

Beginners Learn How to Crochet with These Free Patterns

Have you ever wanted to learn crochet? Beginners can find instructions for making crochet stitches and free crochet patterns here. All the patterns and instructions are in simple English without abbreviations. It's hard enough to learn how to crochet without deciphering abbreviations at the same time, right?

The stitch on the left is a double crochet. It can be used to make almost anything from rugs to sweaters and is used a lot in the patterns below. In addition to the double crochet, you will learn how to begin any crochet project, how to slip stitch and how to single crochet.

Photo Credit: HSSchulte

Crochet Squares for Beginners
Crochet Squares for Beginners

Crochet a Chain

How to Crochet Basics

Instructions for Crochet Stitches

1. Some people hold the crochet hook like a pencil. Others hold the crochet hook like a spoon. I personally hold it like a spoon. Do whatever is comfortable for you. Crochet should be enjoyable.

2. The first thing you need to do with any crochet pattern is to tie a slipknot.
Tie a Slipknot for Crochet

3. Next, you will chain stitch. All crochet patterns begin with a chain stitch. Look to the specific pattern to learn how many chain stitches to make. If you are just learning and not following any specific pattern, simply chain 15 and move to the next step.

4. A crochet pattern will tell you what type of yarn to use, what type of hook to use and what type of stitch to make after you have created the chain stitch. Two of the simplest crochet stitches are the single and double crochet stitches. This is a good stitch for beginners. All the patterns on this page were made using a double crochet stitch or single crochet stitch.

To get started with your crochet stitch, you will begin by working back across the chain you just made. Choose one of the stitch instructions below to get started:

Single Crochet Stitch

Double Crochet Stitch

5. The tension you use during crochet, the size of the hook you use, and the weight of the yarn influences the size of the stitch and outcome of the pattern. Many beginners don't allow enough slack in the yarn as they crochet. Pull the yarn loose from the ball and make sure it is not pulling as you crochet.

6. When crocheting a single or double stitch, you stitch through the top loops of the previous row of stitches. You can change the appearance of finished project by changing the way you stitch through the loops on the previous row. Stitching through only one loop creates a ridge pattern (seen in the potholder below). Stitching through both loops creates a flat pattern.

Double Crochet Stitch

Double Crochet Stitch
Double Crochet Stitch

Washcloths are quick and easy to crochet. Beginners can make one in less than an hour with inexpensive cotton yarn. I like to decorate my bathroom with them. Nothing makes bath time a treat like a good homemade washcloth. The yarn to the right, "Peaches and Creme" is a good cotton yarn for making wash cloths.

Washcloth Crochet Pattern

Rectangle Rug for Beginners
Rectangle Rug for Beginners

Crochet a Rectangular Rug

Free Pattern for Beginners

This rug is double crocheted by using 3 pieces of yarn at once, which gives it plenty of weight on the floor. It requires a large hook to crochet with three pieces of yarn at the same time. The great thing about making your own bathroom accessories is that you can customize the colors and sizes to your own liking.

Rectangular Rug Crochet Pattern

Crochet a Potholder for Beginners
Crochet a Potholder for Beginners

Crochet a Potholder

Free Pattern for Beginners

The potholder was crocheted using the same pattern as the washcloth; except it was done by crocheting through only one loop of the previous row to give it a ridged pattern. A chain stitch was used at the end to create a loop for hanging the potholder. Nothing makes baking more fun than using your own custom crocheted potholder.

Crochet a Potholder

Beginner Crochet Pattern
Beginner Crochet Pattern

Crochet a Scarf

Free Pattern for Beginners

The scarf is crocheted through only one loop of the previous row to create a ridge pattern also. It is a quick and easy project to crochet.

Make it as a gift to show your friends and family that you put time and thought into their gift. It is perfect for Christmas. Of course, you can always make one for yourself too!

What you will need:

Caron Eco Soft Recycled Yarn (Navy, Chocolate, Wine)

Crochet hook

Crochet a Scarf

crochet oval
crochet oval

Crochet an Oval

Free Pattern for Beginners

You can crochet an oval for making a doily, rug, table runner, or anything you can imagine, using the same double crochet stitch used above! The traditional way to make an oval is to double crochet all the way around the work and then turn the work and go back around the other direction. This creates a seam in the oval that must be slip stitched together. The first link is a modern approach to an oval requiring no turning of the crocheted work and creating no seam.

How to Crochet an Oval Using a Double Crochet Stitch

Crochet an oval rug with double crochet stitch
Crochet an oval rug with double crochet stitch

Crochet an Oval Rug

No Seam Rug Pattern for Beginners

I made this double crocheted rug using the instructions for crocheting an oval above. I used two strands of yarn at the same time to give the rug extra weight. I crochet ovals using the loosest stitch possible, to prevent gathering as the rug gets bigger. Complete instructions for crocheting this rug:

How to Crochet an Oval Rug: Free Pattern

Crochet Wave Pattern
Crochet Wave Pattern

Crochet a Wave Pattern

Free Pattern for Advanced Beginners

The photo shows the outcome of varying the double crochet stitch to create a wave pattern. It adds and unique dimension to the finished crochet, but isn't so difficult that a beginner can't pick it up quickly. For more information and instructions on creating the wave see the link below:

Crochet a Wave Pattern

Beginner Instructions to Crochet a Heart
Beginner Instructions to Crochet a Heart

Crochet a Heart

Free and Easy Heart Pattern for Beginners

Another cool thing you might want to try with the double crochet stitch is to make a heart. If you have crocheted before, you can make this heart in an hour or less. It makes a cute homemade valentine's day gift idea as well.

How to Crochet a Heart | Free Pattern for the Beginner

Free crochet Patterns for the beginner
Free crochet Patterns for the beginner

How to Crochet a Granny Square

Free Crochet Patterns for Beginners

The classic granny square can be used to make afghans, shawls, rugs, purses and so much more. A granny square can be crocheted by a beginner that understands how to double crochet and chain stitch. For detailed instructions on how to create a granny square, including step by step photos, visit:

How to Crochet a Granny Square

How to Crochet Roses for Beginners
How to Crochet Roses for Beginners

Crochet a Rose

How to Crochet a Rose

for Beginners

Crocheted roses are easy to make, requiring only knowledge of the single, double, and chain stitch. They can be used to embellish scarves, blankets, hats, and many other crochet projects. They can also be used in crafts of other kinds.

Your friends will never know you're a beginner. These roses will make you look like a crochet expert!

How to Crochet a Rose

These flowered hexagons are easy enough for beginners and can be used as coasters, joined into an afghan, combined into a table runner, and so much more. Easy to follow written instructions are accompanied by a video tutorial making this pattern easy to follow

How to Crochet a Flower Hexagon for Beginners

African Flower Hexagon

Pictures of Crochet Patterns for Beginners

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Granny square. Easier for beginners than you think.Granny square washcloths for beginnersMake a rug with double crocheted squaresDouble crochet scarfDouble crochet an oval.Double crochet rugDouble crochet washcloths for beginnersDoily from granny squaresAn afghan from granny squares.
Granny square. Easier for beginners than you think.
Granny square. Easier for beginners than you think.
Granny square washcloths for beginners
Granny square washcloths for beginners
Make a rug with double crocheted squares
Make a rug with double crocheted squares
Double crochet scarf
Double crochet scarf
Double crochet an oval.
Double crochet an oval.
Double crochet rug
Double crochet rug
Double crochet washcloths for beginners
Double crochet washcloths for beginners
Doily from granny squares
Doily from granny squares
An afghan from granny squares.
An afghan from granny squares.

Vote on Your Favorite Crochet Patterns

Beginners, did you have a first crochet project that turn out amazing? If so, vote here and share your success!

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    • MomwithAHook LM profile image

      Sara Duggan 6 years ago from California

      What a lovely lens for beginning crocheters. Lots of wonderful simple projects for newbies.

    • Obscure_Treasures 6 years ago

      what a great lens...5*..

    • Lemming13 profile image

      Lemming13 6 years ago

      Really good lens, I'm lensrolling it!

    • RickyRobi LM profile image

      RickyRobi LM 6 years ago

      When I find some time, I will have to come back and learn how to crochet. My grandmother always wanted to teach me, but we never got around to it. It's too late now for her to teach me, but I can still learn this craft on my own.

    • VBright profile image

      VBright 6 years ago

      I love to crochet. Especially with thread. What a wonderful lens you have created. Keep up the great work!

    • babygirl3605 6 years ago

      Wow great lens. I love to crochet and will be teaching my sister to do so.

    • sorana lm profile image

      sorana lm 6 years ago

      Really like your lens. I like to crochet but haven't done it for a while. I might start again ... making a blanket is a good idea.

    • joanv334 profile image

      joanv334 6 years ago

      Thanks for the patterns!

    • Lemming13 profile image

      Lemming13 5 years ago

      Nice patterns!

    • Garadjo12 5 years ago

      Just a great information! Very informative.

    • happynutritionist 5 years ago

      Excellent! I just started crocheting again after many years...finished a prayer shawl this week and started another for a ministry at our church and between am working on a shell afghan. Love the idea of doing rugs with a few strands, want to give one of those a try.

    • Philippians468 profile image

      Philippians468 5 years ago

      thank you for sharing this informative lens! cheers

    • grandma deal profile image

      grandma deal 5 years ago

      Very good lens for Crochet Beginners. I'm lensrolling this to my Crochet Lenses. I'll also post a link on my site. Liked and Favorited, FaceBooked, also. Great Job!

    • grandma deal profile image

      grandma deal 5 years ago

      See your link Here: Crochet For Homeless

      Hope it brings you some outside visitors.

    • patm2011 5 years ago

      This is a great post! I`ve just started my own site about "Crocheting Instructions" Please let me know what you think.

    • smithrusty 5 years ago

      This is a great tutorial on the basic crochet stitches, especially for a beginner. I had to teach myself lo these many years ago, and this would have been very helpful.

      really great job.

    • william-kate 5 years ago

      awesome share. I have just started learning. And I hope this lens will be a great help to me.

      Will be visiting again and again.

    • Scarlettohairy profile image

      Peggy Hazelwood 5 years ago from Desert Southwest, U.S.A.

      Nice sum up of crochet projects. I can't knit or crochet but love the good ol' Granny squares and oval rugs.

    • Gayle Mclaughlin profile image

      Gayle 5 years ago from McLaughlin

      I have finished several afghans, but now I don't know how to start again. Thanks for this informative lens!

    • MoiraCrochetsPl profile image

      MoiraCrochetsPl 5 years ago

      A very informative lens! Congratulations!

    • MoiraCrochetsPl profile image

      MoiraCrochetsPl 5 years ago

      A very informative lens! Congratulations!

    • JackNimble profile image

      JackNimble 5 years ago

      Cool lens for the crochet inspired!

    • hsschulte profile image

      hsschulte 5 years ago

      @Scarlettohairy: Scarlett,

      Thanks for stopping by. Granny squares are my favorite too. They are so versatile.

    • hsschulte profile image

      hsschulte 5 years ago

      @JackNimble: I'm hoping the lens will inspiring everyone to crochet, it's such a fun hobby. Thanks for stopping by.

    • WorldVisionary3 profile image

      WorldVisionary3 5 years ago

      Such great tips and resources here for crochet patterns. Thanks!

    • Holley Web profile image

      Holley Web 5 years ago

      These are so lovely. It reminds me of learning to crochet with my grandmother. We had a great time and I made my first afghan out of "granny squares" when I was only 9 yrs old.

    • franstan lm profile image

      franstan lm 5 years ago

      Wonderful lens

    • Eighteen18 profile image

      Eighteen18 5 years ago

      wow... I might actually be able to try!!! I love the wavy scarf - looks like I need lots of practise before I can make that though!

    • ClassyGals profile image

      Cynthia Davis 5 years ago from Pittsburgh

      This lens has inspired me to crochet a blanket for my son as a wedding gift!

      Blessed by a Squid Angel**

    • lucybrz1 profile image

      lucybrz1 5 years ago

      I like to crochet. But for now I can make just simple patterns.

    • junecampbell profile image

      June Campbell 5 years ago from North Vancouver, BC, Canada

      an excellent lens and a wonderful resource. Thank you.

    • pawpaw911 5 years ago

      My Grandmother and her sister used to crochet a lot. I still have a few things they made.

    • jphendrix profile image

      jphendrix 5 years ago

      I like this lense! There are some great free patterns here, anyone can create something with these free patterns!

    • Pam Irie profile image

      Pam Irie 5 years ago from Land of Aloha

      Really nice basic crochet patterns for beginners (or anyone interested in crochet) to choose from on this lens. A crocheted washcloth was my very first project long ago. :)

    • anonymous 5 years ago

      Nice lens! I think my first pattern was a Barbie blanket for my little sisters (wash cloth) about 30 years ago. I love to crochet, it is so relaxing to me. Most winters I make an afghan just because it's so relaxing to me. Most of the people I know knit if they do either, so it's nice to see someone who crochets!

    • caffimages profile image

      caffimages 5 years ago

      Great lens. My first grandchild is due in March and I've just made a blanket. you have some lovely ideas here!

    • acreativethinker 5 years ago

      Great ideas and patterns. I love to crochet blankets. Thanks for sharing. Take Care :)

    • rachellelikes 5 years ago

      this lens actually makes me think i just might be able to crochet ;)

    • Gayle Dowell profile image

      Gayle Dowell 5 years ago from Kansas

      My daughter is teaching me to crochet. I'm making a scarf. Great tutorial that I'll come back to for a refresher. Blessed

    • livingfrontiers 5 years ago

      A great lens on crochet...which is so much fun and enjoyable. A great way to spend a day with family or friends!

    • Showpup LM profile image

      Showpup LM 5 years ago

      I need to dig out my crochet hooks and get back to work! Great patterns you've showcased here.

    • Ivalotasay 5 years ago

      Love finding new crochet patterns - thanks

    • JohnMichael2 profile image

      JohnMichael2 5 years ago

      wonderful presentation, I may have to attempt to make a scarf

    • Eighteen18 profile image

      Eighteen18 5 years ago

      I really MUST give it a try!

    • anonymous 5 years ago

      Came by to refresh my Squid Angel blessing on your fantastic Crochet Patterns lens. :)

    • JoyfulReviewer profile image

      JoyfulReviewer 5 years ago

      Thanks for showing so many possibilities for crocheting. Someday ... maybe I'll get back to crocheting.

    • DesignedbyLisa LM profile image

      DesignedbyLisa LM 4 years ago

      Lots of great ideas. Thanks!

    • jimmyworldstar 4 years ago

      What's the best technique to learn for beginners? I'm trying to get a set for my daughter.

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 4 years ago

      I am amazed at what a beginner can do.

    • lilPinkfairy288 4 years ago

      Great lens with patterns. Your lens is encouraging me to give it a try. Thanks for sharing!

    • Wednesday-Elf profile image

      Wednesday-Elf 4 years ago from Savannah, Georgia

      Happy National Crochet Week my fellow crafter! :)

    • faye durham 4 years ago

      Happy National Crochet Week. Your lens is encouraging me to give it a try. Lots of good information here.

    • OrganicMom247 profile image

      OrganicMom247 4 years ago

      Lovely lens! I have always wanted to try crocheting, your lens guided me pretty good. Thanks so much for the info!

    • Pam Irie profile image

      Pam Irie 4 years ago from Land of Aloha

      Happy National Crochet Week! :)

    • oceansky lm profile image

      Lisa Morris 4 years ago

      I love to crochet, it is kind of a family tradition. Great lens, I love it.

    • anonymous 4 years ago

      I can remember my mum crocheting when we were younger, never took it up though so I would need patterns for beginners

    • dahlia369 profile image

      dahlia369 4 years ago

      Nice collection of patterns for beginners, great and resource! :)

    • KarenCookieJar 4 years ago

      My mom used to Crochet all the time. She made countless blankets, pillows, scarves, you name it!

    • julescorriere profile image

      Jules Corriere 4 years ago from Jonesborough TN

      What a terrific article for crochet beginners (like me) My mom and sister usedt o crochet all the time, but I never got the knack of it. This is so helpful. Blessed!

    • Phoenix2361 profile image

      Phoenix2361 4 years ago

      After nearly 25 years, I suddenly decided to start crocheting again. This lens will come in very handy as I seem to have forgotten a few things. Thanks for posting.

    • gradientcat 4 years ago

      Nice collection of beginner patterns.

    • JoyfulReviewer profile image

      JoyfulReviewer 4 years ago

      Nice selection of beginner projects and helpful resources to complete them. Blessed!

    • rubymantoya 4 years ago

      Ever wonder what the meaning of names are? Here are pretty girl names and some unique names for girls that you will surely like!

    • DecoratingMom411 4 years ago

      Great lens. Nice selection and very informative, perfect for beginners.

    • purpleslug 4 years ago

      Great lens! I just added it to my favorites.

    • fiskars 4 years ago

      I just decided I needed a new hobby and crocheting was what i picked. I was starting to regret that choice until i saw this lens. Apparently i had been doing A lot wrong. Thank you for this, it saved me.

    • leonasharon 4 years ago

      brilliant idea.

      loved your lens.

      pls visit mine too

    • anonymous 4 years ago

      I'm just trying to learn crochet. This is a great lens; I've bookmarked it. : )

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 14 months ago from Ontario, Canada

      Love these crochet patterns. I need a pot holder right now so I will crochet one. Thanks.

    • Dyann 7 weeks ago

      Where's the direction for baby beanies? Was it in the "how to" part? I guess I gotta go back.

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