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Crochet Mermaid Pattern

Updated on May 06, 2015

Current Design

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Handmade MermaidCrochet Mermaid DollMermaid AmigurumiMermaid Doll AmigurumiCrocheted Mermaid Doll
Handmade Mermaid
Handmade Mermaid | Source
Crochet Mermaid Doll
Crochet Mermaid Doll | Source
Mermaid Amigurumi
Mermaid Amigurumi | Source
Mermaid Doll Amigurumi
Mermaid Doll Amigurumi | Source
Crocheted Mermaid Doll
Crocheted Mermaid Doll | Source

My First Mermaid Doll

Mermaid Doll
Mermaid Doll | Source

I Love Mermaids.

I wish I was a mermaid.

I love everything about mermaids.

When I was a little girl my favorite movie was "The Little Mermaid." I watched it so many times, my mother thought she'd go insane. When I found out I was having a little sister, I wanted to name her Ariel.

My love for mermaids has definitely stuck with me over the years. I'm not the kind of person who loves something and then obsessively collects everything that has to do with that thing, but I do get excited when I see my likes. I don't have a lot of mermaid merchandise or anything like that, but when doodling or writing, mermaids are a consistent topic of interest that I often revisit.

That's how I crocheted my first mermaid. I was commissioned to make a doll for a little girl, but there were no specifications or details except for that it needed to colours purple and green. The first thing that came to my mind of course was a mermaid with purple hair and a green tail. So I freehand crocheted my first mermaid.

Some time later I joined the Art Riot and needed to make merchandise to sell. The only thing I really wanted to make was more mermaids, except this time I adjusted the design a bit to suit my style more.

Now I have a great design to use for my mermaids, but I have never written down a pattern! While I love freehand crocheting, I know that having a set mermaid pattern will help me keep things nice and consistent. So I have written this pattern and am very happy to share it with all of you.

This pattern covers the head, body, and tail, but then just offers tips on the face and adding hair since I think that's where you can really get creative and make this doll your own.

I hope you enjoy this pattern and tutorial! If you have any questions or would like to share your work please let me know in the comments. I'm also up for pattern requests for anything crocheted so don't be shy to ask!

Making the Mermaid's Body

Mermaids in the making.
Mermaids in the making. | Source

Materials

  • Crochet Hook - US H8/5.00mm
  • Medium Weight Yarn - You'll need a colour for the skin and tail. You could also use the same kind of yarn for the hair, starfish bra, and to embroider details if you like.
  • Yarn needle
  • Scissors
  • Stuffing
  • (optional) Mohair Yarn or some special yarn for hair.
  • (optional) Embroidery Thread - for details/features.
  • Anything else you'd like to embellish your piece, like doll eyes.


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1 23458 - 18 2223
1
1
 2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
8 - 18
8 - 18
 22
22
23
23

How to Decrease (SC-2-TOG)

Tip

If you are going to use doll eyes, or any other features that clip on, for your mermaid, don't forget to add them before you stuff your head and sew it on the body!

Head

*1. Ch 2 or make a magic ring if you prefer.

*2. SC 6 in second ch from the hook/magic ring. (6)

*3. SC 2 in each stitch around. (12)

*4. SC 1, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (18)

*5. SC 1, SC 1, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (24)

6. SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (30)

7. SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (36)

*8 - 18. SC around. (36)

19. SC-2-TOG, SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, repeat around. (30)

20. SC-2-TOG, SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, repeat around. (24)

21. SC-2-TOG, SC 1, SC 1, repeat around. (18)

(Now would be a good time to add your safety eyes if you're using them)

*22. SC-2-TOG, SC, repeat around. (12)

Stuff head with filling.

*23. SC around, fasten off and leave a long tail so you can sew head to body later. (12)

Set aside for now.



* = photo on right


Tip

You can make a bandeau top for your mermaid instead of a starfish bra by changing colours while working on the body.

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1 - 35 - 789 - 121516 - 17Fasten off.Pull in tail and stuff, may be easier to make starfish bra before stuffing entirely.Fin before folding and stitching.Fin after folding and stitching.Mermaid Body
1 - 3
1 - 3
5 - 7
5 - 7
8
8
9 - 12
9 - 12
15
15
16 - 17
16 - 17
Fasten off.
Fasten off.
Pull in tail and stuff, may be easier to make starfish bra before stuffing entirely.
Pull in tail and stuff, may be easier to make starfish bra before stuffing entirely.
Fin before folding and stitching.
Fin before folding and stitching.
Fin after folding and stitching.
Fin after folding and stitching.
Mermaid Body
Mermaid Body

Body & Tail

Ch 12 and slip stitch to connect.

*1 - 3. SC around (12)

4. SC, SC, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (16)

*5 - 7. SC around, fasten off. (16)

Switch to fin colour. I sometimes use two different coloured yarns together to give it more of a scaly look, but this time I just used one.

*8. Start crocheting with fin colour in the opposite direction. Complete one round. (16)

*9 - 12. SC around. (16)

13. SC-2-TOG, SC, SC, repeat around. (12)

14. SC around. (12)

*15. SC-2-TOG, SC, repeat around. (8)

*16 - 17. SC around. (8)

18. SC-2-TOG, SC, SC, repeat around. (6)

19. SC around. (6)

*20. SC-2-TOG, SC-2-TOG, SC-2-TOG, fasten off. (3)

*Pull tail end of yarn into body with crochet hook. Add stuffing, use crochet hook to help stuff it in there.

*When sewing on fins (refer below for pattern), thread yarn to other side of one of the fins so that the stitches are facing the same direction after you sew the fins on.

After you've sewn the fins on, add the starfish bra (refer to pictures below if you need help).

Starfish Bra

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Fins

I often make the fins a lighter colour than the tail, but this time I made it all the same colour.

Ch 2

1. SC 6 in second ch from the hook. (6)

2. SC 2 in each stitch around. (12)

3. SC, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (18)

*4. SC, SC, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (24)

*Fold circle over and single stitched closed. Fasten off and cut long enough tail to sew fin on to mermaid.

Repeat with other fin.

Amigurumi arms waiting to belong.
Amigurumi arms waiting to belong.

Arms

Ch 2

1. SC 6 in second ch from the hook. (6)

2. SC, SC, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (8)

3 - 8. SC around (8)

Add stuffing.

9. SC-2-TOG, SC, SC, repeat around. (6)

10. SC around. (6)

Crochet closed, then fasten off, leaving a tail for sewing on later.

Repeat steps to make the other arm.

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Stitching arms on.Pull tight!Gimme a hug!Attaching the head.You can add more stuffing to the neck to avoid wobbly heads.Head and Body all done!  Now to add hair and face!
Stitching arms on.
Stitching arms on.
Pull tight!
Pull tight!
Gimme a hug!
Gimme a hug!
Attaching the head.
Attaching the head.
You can add more stuffing to the neck to avoid wobbly heads.
You can add more stuffing to the neck to avoid wobbly heads.
Head and Body all done!  Now to add hair and face!
Head and Body all done! Now to add hair and face!

Putting It Together

Start by stitching your arms to your body, hide ends inside body of mermaid. Decide if you want them to be able to move forward and back or up and down. Forward and back motion makes it seem like the mermaid is giving a hug (which is why I like it), but up and down makes a swimming kind of motion.

You can also opt not to sew the arms shut and stitch them on to the body so that they stick straight out.

Pick the method you like best.

Before you sew on your head, use this time to add on any little details to the body you won't be able to include after the head is on--like a little pearl necklace or some other small necklace that wouldn't be able to fit over the head or body once it's all sewn together. The doll I was making for this tutorial is for a toddler, so I didn't add any necklaces since the little beads could be choking hazards for the necklace were to break.

Sew your head to the neck of the body and secure it. Weave ends through body and trim off excess.

Finishing Off You Mermaid Dolls

Nearly finished mermaid dolls
Nearly finished mermaid dolls | Source
I wanted this mermaid to have a pop diva kind of look.  I made her lips by stitching a "V" and going over it a couple times.  Here eyes are ovals with little "v" eyes lashes on the side.
I wanted this mermaid to have a pop diva kind of look. I made her lips by stitching a "V" and going over it a couple times. Here eyes are ovals with little "v" eyes lashes on the side.

Adding a Face

Plastic doll eyes are a nice simple way to add eyes to your mermaid. I don't usually use them because I often forget I have them until it's too late to put them in (Doh!) or I'm making a doll for a small child and I'm afraid that they'll somehow manage to pop them out and eat them (though I know from experience that those little buggers are near impossible to get out once they're locked in--still, kids are so clever).

Beads and buttons can also be used for eyes and can be added at any stage of the design.

Felt pieces can be used for eyes or details for the whole face if you like. Attach by sewing on or with strong fabric glue. You can add even more detail by painting on to felt pieces.

I will typically just stitch or embroider my facial features on.

Step-by-Step

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For the wig cap I crocheted Steps 1 - 12 of the Head.Hooking strands of yarn around base of wig cap.Fitting doll to see how it looks...so far so good.Crocheted part directly on to cap.  Made tail at the start and finish long enough to blend in with other strands of hair.Hooked hair down either side of the stitched in the part.She kind of looks like Christina Aguilera.Pinned wig to doll and started sewing down edges with skintone coloured yarn.I think sewing down the hair with the skintone yarn made it really look like the hair was growing from the head!
For the wig cap I crocheted Steps 1 - 12 of the Head.
For the wig cap I crocheted Steps 1 - 12 of the Head.
Hooking strands of yarn around base of wig cap.
Hooking strands of yarn around base of wig cap.
Fitting doll to see how it looks...so far so good.
Fitting doll to see how it looks...so far so good.
Crocheted part directly on to cap.  Made tail at the start and finish long enough to blend in with other strands of hair.
Crocheted part directly on to cap. Made tail at the start and finish long enough to blend in with other strands of hair.
Hooked hair down either side of the stitched in the part.
Hooked hair down either side of the stitched in the part.
She kind of looks like Christina Aguilera.
She kind of looks like Christina Aguilera.
Pinned wig to doll and started sewing down edges with skintone coloured yarn.
Pinned wig to doll and started sewing down edges with skintone coloured yarn.
I think sewing down the hair with the skintone yarn made it really look like the hair was growing from the head!
I think sewing down the hair with the skintone yarn made it really look like the hair was growing from the head!

Various Methods

Adding Hair

This is the part I dread the most when it comes to making dolls. I HATE making hair! It's so tedious and I get frustrated very easily. Usually I use the latch hook/rooting method and hope for the best, but for this Hub I really wanted to find better ways to do it.


I came across these helpful resources:

HOW TO - amigurumi hair from MyGurumi lists several different methods of adding hair to your doll using yarn. I really want to try out the curly hair method!

K & J Dolls has two doll hair tutorials that I really like: Part 1: Using a wig cap and Part 2: Not using a wig cap. Owlishly's tutorial on amigurumi hair can really help with this.


Annaboo used to have a great step-by-step photo tutorial on how to do hair, but has since taken it down. This is the method I used, you can see it step-by-step in the images on the right.

All Done!

Finished mermaid just lounging about.
Finished mermaid just lounging about. | Source
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Crocheted Mermaid DollAmigurumi Mermaid Doll
Crocheted Mermaid Doll
Crocheted Mermaid Doll | Source
Amigurumi Mermaid Doll
Amigurumi Mermaid Doll | Source

Hope you love your finished mermaids! If you have any questions, comments, suggestions, or would like to share your finished pieces, I'd love to hear from you. Just post in the comments below.


For more crochet projects, tips, tricks, and other great things check out my Pinterest board on Crocheting and my other crocheting Hubs.


Also check out my photo tutorial on how to make a mermaid charm if you like working with polymer clay. You could use the tutorial to make a miniature of your mermaid doll so she could have a doll of her own! So cute!

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    • The Unlearner profile image

      Jo 4 years ago from Isle of Wight UK

      So beautiful, I may have to make two for my girls.

    • Wonder wool profile image

      Priyanka Estambale 4 years ago from United States

      so pretty!

    • faythef profile image

      Faythe F. 4 years ago from USA

      Adorable.....

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      Samantha Harris 4 years ago from New York

      Definitely! I haven't met a little girl yet that doesn't love them instantly.

    • followthestray profile image
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      Samantha Harris 4 years ago from New York

      Thanks :)

    • followthestray profile image
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      Samantha Harris 4 years ago from New York

      Thank you :)

    • Natashalh profile image

      Natasha 3 years ago from Hawaii

      This is an awesomely detailed hub! Pinning!

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      Author

      Samantha Harris 3 years ago from New York

      Thank you!

    • Sillypineapple profile image

      Sillypineapple 3 years ago from Georgia

      Oh my! How cute! I have to learn how to crochet now! I really want to try this

    • Heather Says profile image

      Heather Rode 3 years ago from Buckeye, Arizona

      This is one of the most adorable projects I have ever seen. I love the picture showing all of the mermaids together (without faces). Their little bras and lips and eyes are so perfect. Thanks for sharing this great craft and tutorial Hub :)

    • Suzanne Day profile image

      Suzanne Day 3 years ago from Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

      How sweet, I think my daughter (who loves mermaids) might want one out of me.

    • VVanNess profile image

      Victoria Van Ness 3 years ago from Prescott Valley

      I really love this! I've been looking for specific stuffed animals to decorate my nursery and just can't find them. This also makes me want to learn how to crochet! Nice job!

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      Samantha Harris 3 years ago from New York

      I make these on commission. If there is a particular animal, creature, or character you'd like a pattern for though you can request it and I'll make one up when I'm able.

    • VVanNess profile image

      Victoria Van Ness 3 years ago from Prescott Valley

      Wonderful! Thank you! Personally, I'd love a turtle, a giraffe and an owl.

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      Samantha Harris 3 years ago from New York

      All those would be really fun to make! When my schedule permits it I'll happily design them. :)

    • Melinda Longoria profile image

      Melinda Longoria, MSM 3 years ago from Garland, Texas

      This is such a cute idea. My daughter would love one of these cute mermaid dolls. Great hub. :)

    • Mary Cimeni profile image

      Mary Cimeni 3 years ago from Philippines

      this made me miss my favorite childhood disney character, Ariel in "Little Mermaid." you're very creative, :)

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      Samantha Harris 3 years ago from New York

      Ohhh she isn't favorite too. My mom said I even wanted to name my little sister Ariel after her lol...The Little Mermaid is probably the reason I'm so obsessed with mermaids now.

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      Katy 3 years ago

      Hey, I'm attempting this for my daughters bday. I bought 3 ply yarn. Is that ok? Should I change hook size or just go with the 5

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      Samantha Harris 3 years ago from New York

      Yeah you might want to use a smaller hook in that case. The stitch just won't be tight enough.

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      Katy 3 years ago

      thank you! I used a 4.25 and it is looking great!

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      Samantha Harris 3 years ago from New York

      Yay! Glad to hear it!

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      judyr1111 2 years ago

      hi I love your little mermaid.....Can you tell me how to make her head smaller?? I have tried using a size f hook its still toooo big. I know she is adorable with a big head but, its tooo heavy... I would want to make her more realistic.... Thank you!! :)

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      Samantha Harris 2 years ago from New York

      Sure, sure! I would say stop increasing at either step 4 or 5, depending on how much smaller you would like it to be. To give it a more realistic shape, I would also say add two or three more rows of single single crocheting to give the head more of an elongated shape, rather than a cute round shape. I hope that helps.

      I'm currently working on more crocheted mermaid patterns to put up here. So, I will add a more proportioned, realistic mermaid doll to my list. Hopefully I can have them all up by the end of the summer.

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      judyr1111 2 years ago

      thank you sooo much it helped a lot!!! I can't wait to see more mermaids to make... I love them also...Ariel is my favorite but, I love all mermaids!!!! :)

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      Megan 2 years ago

      Thanks so much for this pattern! Super cute! My head turned out too big and heavy too but it's okay, she's still adorable! I love the way you did the fins and the starfish "bra". I need more practice with the hair but I love how easy it is to change up whatever you want with this pattern.

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      Jess 2 years ago

      This was my first amigurumi project having been too scared to try before. Thanks to your great tutorial, my first attempt was a huge success and has given me the confidence to try some other amigurumi projects. Thank you so much xxx

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      Samantha Harris 2 years ago from New York

      I am SO happy to hear that! Good luck on your future projects!

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      Kim 19 months ago

      How long is the finished doll? Thanks--it is so cute!

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      Samantha Harris 19 months ago from New York

      Hi Kim, it's about 10 inches long. I will be updating this project at some point and will be sure to include the dimensions at that time.

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      Lee Constantine 19 months ago

      Hey!

      I saw this, and have to say, so many kudos to you!

      The pattern is easy to follow, the photos are very helpful, and I love that you gave advice on how to do hair! (My Achilles heel). They were fun, easy, and I had such fun doing the fins!

      I would humbly request, may I sell mermaids based off your pattern to help me pay my way through school? They're not exactly the same (mine are a little longer, and I blow up their fins a little), but I understand completely if you don't want me to profit off of your labor.

      All the same, your mermaids rock :)

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      Samantha Harris 19 months ago from New York

      Hi Lee, you may absolutely sell your mermaids! The only thing I do not want people to sell is the pattern itself. That being said, I would love to see your work!

    • profile image

      Lee Constantine 19 months ago

      Oh thank you so much!

      (Of course I won't sell your pattern! That's pretty despicable)

      I wish I were better at the Internet, to allow me to post photos here, but once I get the Mer-army up and going (I have all these bodies lying around, ready for assembly) I should be able to figure that out!

      You are amazing :) thank you :)

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      Samantha Harris 19 months ago from New York

      Great! Best of luck to you!

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      Melina 18 months ago

      I love your pattern! I will definitely do one for my niece!One question: What size (height) is the mermaid exactly?

      Thanks for sharing the pattern

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      Melaney 4 months ago

      I was going to ask as well about selling my creations, but you've already answered! I love these so much, and it will be my first go at amigurumi so hopefully I don't mess up too terribly. I'm going to do my first one as Ariel (of course), for my little sister who loves The Little Mermaid. Thank you so much for sharing!!!!

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