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Free Pattern: Crochet an Amigurumi Mermaid Doll

Sam enjoys crocheting, sculpting, DIY crafts, reading, writing, and traveling with her family.

Crocheted Mermaid Doll

Crocheted Mermaid Doll

I Love Mermaids, So I Crocheted One!

I wish I was a mermaid. I love everything about mermaids. When I was a little girl, my favorite movie was The Little Mermaid. I watched it so many times that my mother thought she'd go insane. When I found out I was having a little sister, I wanted to name her Ariel.

My love for mermaids has definitely stuck with me over the years. I'm not the kind of person who loves something and then obsessively collects everything that has to do with that thing, but I do get excited when I see my likes. I don't have a lot of mermaid merchandise or anything like that, but when doodling or writing, mermaids are a consistent topic of interest that I often revisit.

My First Mermaid Doll

My First Mermaid Doll

The First Mermaid Doll I Made

That's how I crocheted my first mermaid. I was commissioned to make a doll for a little girl, but there were no specifications or details except that it needed to use the colours purple and green. The first thing that came to my mind, of course, was a mermaid with purple hair and a green tail. So I freehand crocheted my first mermaid.

Sometime later, I joined the Art Riot and needed to make merchandise to sell. The only thing I really wanted to make was more mermaids, except this time, I adjusted the design a bit to suit my style more.

From Freehand to Pattern

Now I have a great design to use for my mermaids, but I have never written down a pattern! While I love freehand crocheting, I know that having a set mermaid pattern will help me keep things nice and consistent. So I have written this pattern and am very happy to share it with all of you.

This pattern covers the head, body, and tail, but then it just offers tips on the face and hair. I think that's where you can really get creative and make this doll your own.

I hope you enjoy this pattern and tutorial! If you have any questions or would like to share your work, please let me know in the comments. I'm also up for pattern requests for anything crocheted, so don't be shy to ask!

Here are some mermaids in the making.

Here are some mermaids in the making.

Materials

  • Crochet hook: US H8/5.00mm
  • Medium-weight yarn: You'll need a colour for the skin and tail. You could also use the same kind of yarn for the hair, starfish bra, and to embroider details, if you like.
  • Yarn needle
  • Scissors
  • Stuffing
  • (optional) Mohair yarn or some special yarn for hair
  • (optional) Embroidery thread for details/features
  • Anything else you'd like to embellish your piece, like doll eyes

Tip on Using Doll Eyes

If you are going to use doll eyes or any other features that clip on, don't forget to add them before you stuff your head and sew it on the body!

*1. Ch 2 or make a magic ring if you prefer.

*2. SC 6 in second ch from the hook/magic ring. (6)

*3. SC 2 in each stitch around. (12)

*4. SC 1, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (18)

*5. SC 1, SC 1, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (24)

6. SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (30)

7. SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (36)

*8 - 18. SC around. (36)

19. SC-2-TOG, SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, repeat around. (30)

20. SC-2-TOG, SC 1, SC 1, SC 1, repeat around. (24)

21. SC-2-TOG, SC 1, SC 1, repeat around. (18)

(Now would be a good time to add your safety eyes if you're using them)

*22. SC-2-TOG, SC, repeat around. (12)

Stuff head with filling.

*23. SC around, fasten off, and leave a long tail so you can sew the head to the body later. (12)

Set aside for now.

* = photo above

Body and Tail

Ch 12 and slip stitch to connect.

*1 to 3. SC around (12)

4. SC, SC, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (16)

*5 to 7. SC around, fasten off. (16)

Switch to fin colour. I sometimes use two different coloured yarns together to give it more of a scaly look, but this time I just used one.

*8. Start crocheting with fin colour in the opposite direction. Complete one round. (16)

*9 to 12. SC around. (16)

13. SC-2-TOG, SC, SC, repeat around. (12)

14. SC around. (12)

*15. SC-2-TOG, SC, repeat around. (8)

*16 to 17. SC around. (8)

18. SC-2-TOG, SC, SC, repeat around. (6)

19. SC around. (6)

*20. SC-2-TOG, SC-2-TOG, SC-2-TOG, fasten off. (3)

*Pull tail end of yarn into body with a crochet hook. Add stuffing. Use crochet hook to help stuff it in there.

*When sewing on fins (refer below for pattern), thread yarn to other side of one of the fins so that the stitches are facing the same direction after you sew the fins on.

After you've sewn the fins on, add the starfish bra (refer to pictures below if you need help).

Starfish Bra

See the photos above for an example of how to create the bra. As another option, you can make a bandeau top for your mermaid instead of a starfish bra by changing colours while working on the body.

Fins

I often make the fins a lighter colour than the tail, but this time I made it all the same colour.

Ch 2

1. SC 6 in second ch from the hook. (6)

2. SC 2 in each stitch around. (12)

3. SC, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (18)

*4. SC, SC, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (24)

*Fold circle over and single stitched closed. Fasten off and cut long enough tail to sew fin on to mermaid.

Repeat with other fin.

Here are amigurumi arms waiting to belong.

Here are amigurumi arms waiting to belong.

Arms

Ch 2

1. SC 6 in second ch from the hook. (6)

2. SC, SC, SC 2 in next stitch, repeat around. (8)

3 - 8. SC around (8)

Add stuffing.

9. SC-2-TOG, SC, SC, repeat around. (6)

10. SC around. (6)

Crochet closed, then fasten off, leaving a tail for sewing on later.

Repeat steps to make the other arm.

Putting It Together

Here are some instructions and advice on finishing your mermaid.

Stitch the Arms to the Body

Start by stitching your arms to your body, hiding the ends inside the body of the mermaid. Decide if you want them to be able to move forward and back or up and down. Forward and back motion makes it seem like the mermaid is giving a hug (which is why I like it), but up and down makes a swimming kind of motion.

You can also opt not to sew the arms shut and stitch them onto the body so that they stick straight out.

Pick the method you like best.

Add Details Before Sewing on the Head

Before you sew on your head, use this time to add on any little details to the body you won't be able to include after the head is on—like a little pearl necklace or some other small necklace that wouldn't be able to fit over the head or body once it's all sewn together.

The doll I was making for this tutorial is for a toddler, so I didn't add any necklaces since the little beads could be choking hazards.

Sew on the Head

Sew your head to the neck of the body and secure it. Weave ends through body and trim off excess.

Here are some nearly finished mermaid dolls.

Here are some nearly finished mermaid dolls.

I wanted this mermaid to have a pop diva kind of look.  I made her lips by stitching a "V" and going over it a couple of times.  Her eyes are ovals with little "v" eyelashes on the side.

I wanted this mermaid to have a pop diva kind of look. I made her lips by stitching a "V" and going over it a couple of times. Her eyes are ovals with little "v" eyelashes on the side.

Adding a Face

  • Doll Eyes: Plastic doll eyes are a nice simple way to add eyes to your mermaid. I don't usually use them because I often forget I have them until it's too late to put them in (D'oh!), or I'm making a doll for a small child, and I'm afraid that they'll somehow manage to pop them out and eat them (though I know from experience that those little buggers are near impossible to get out once they're locked in—still, kids are so clever).
  • Button Eyes: Beads and buttons can also be used for eyes and can be added at any stage of the design.
  • Felt Eyes: Felt pieces can be used for eyes or details for the whole face if you like. Attach by sewing on or with strong fabric glue. You can add even more detail by painting onto felt pieces.

I will typically just stitch or embroider my facial features.

How Do I Make It Look Cute?

Check out this post on the fundamentals of a cute face.

Adding Hair

This is the part I dread the most when it comes to making dolls. I HATE making hair! It's so tedious, and I get frustrated very easily. I typically use the latch hook/rooting method and hope for the best, but for this guide, I really wanted to find better ways to do it.

I came across these helpful resources:

Annaboo used to have a great step-by-step photo tutorial on how to do hair, but she took it down. This is the method I used—you can see it step-by-step in the photos.

You're Done!

I hope you love your finished mermaids! If you have any questions, comments, suggestions, or would like to share your finished pieces, I'd love to hear from you. Just post in the comments below.

Questions & Answers

Question: What is the approximate finished size of the doll?

Answer: I have to edit this pattern as I've made some changes since writing this, but it should be around eight inches.

Comments

Melaney on October 31, 2016:

I was going to ask as well about selling my creations, but you've already answered! I love these so much, and it will be my first go at amigurumi so hopefully I don't mess up too terribly. I'm going to do my first one as Ariel (of course), for my little sister who loves The Little Mermaid. Thank you so much for sharing!!!!

Melina on September 28, 2015:

I love your pattern! I will definitely do one for my niece!One question: What size (height) is the mermaid exactly?

Thanks for sharing the pattern

Samantha Harris (author) from New York on August 12, 2015:

Great! Best of luck to you!

Lee Constantine on August 12, 2015:

Oh thank you so much!

(Of course I won't sell your pattern! That's pretty despicable)

I wish I were better at the Internet, to allow me to post photos here, but once I get the Mer-army up and going (I have all these bodies lying around, ready for assembly) I should be able to figure that out!

You are amazing :) thank you :)

Samantha Harris (author) from New York on August 12, 2015:

Hi Lee, you may absolutely sell your mermaids! The only thing I do not want people to sell is the pattern itself. That being said, I would love to see your work!

Lee Constantine on August 12, 2015:

Hey!

I saw this, and have to say, so many kudos to you!

The pattern is easy to follow, the photos are very helpful, and I love that you gave advice on how to do hair! (My Achilles heel). They were fun, easy, and I had such fun doing the fins!

I would humbly request, may I sell mermaids based off your pattern to help me pay my way through school? They're not exactly the same (mine are a little longer, and I blow up their fins a little), but I understand completely if you don't want me to profit off of your labor.

All the same, your mermaids rock :)

Samantha Harris (author) from New York on August 05, 2015:

Hi Kim, it's about 10 inches long. I will be updating this project at some point and will be sure to include the dimensions at that time.

Kim on August 05, 2015:

How long is the finished doll? Thanks--it is so cute!

Samantha Harris (author) from New York on October 23, 2014:

I am SO happy to hear that! Good luck on your future projects!

Jess on October 23, 2014:

This was my first amigurumi project having been too scared to try before. Thanks to your great tutorial, my first attempt was a huge success and has given me the confidence to try some other amigurumi projects. Thank you so much xxx

Megan on July 18, 2014:

Thanks so much for this pattern! Super cute! My head turned out too big and heavy too but it's okay, she's still adorable! I love the way you did the fins and the starfish "bra". I need more practice with the hair but I love how easy it is to change up whatever you want with this pattern.