Barbie Closed-Shell Backless Dress (Free Crochet Pattern)

Updated on February 5, 2018
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My favorite hobby is to crochet doll clothes. Using what I've learned from reading existing patterns, I create my own designs for Barbie.

Barbie Closed Shell Backless Dress
Barbie Closed Shell Backless Dress | Source

How to Crochet a Backless Dress for Barbie

With the craft store about an hour away from where I live, I have been doing my best to wait until I really needed specific colors before heading back there. When I gave in and went to the store, I saw that prices definitely increased since I was last there. There was a 25% markup in price for the same exact ball of thread I use for Barbie clothes. The color selection was also rather small since I went there after the Christmas season; most thread colors were already sold out.

There were some new balls of thread besides the ones I usually buy, with nothing on the label except for a number 8 and "Made in China". With no information from the craft store, I bought some since they were much cheaper than the usual thread I use. The thread turned out to be much thinner than what I usually use, so I had to use a smaller-sized hook for this project to make it work.

With red being a seasonal color, I wanted to make a new dress suitable for the holidays. I played around with the closed-shell stitch and came up with this design. I added some white trim as an accent color to help finish the look.

This backless dress is made specifically for a Barbie Model Muse doll. Please visit Crochet Clothes For Your Barbie Doll for more information on the different Barbie body types.

Materials

  • Size No. 7 Crochet Steel Hook;
  • Size No. 10 Crochet Cotton Thread in MC (red) and CC (white);
  • 1 Small Snap;
  • Scissors;
  • Tapestry Needle; and
  • Sewing Needle and Thread.

1000Y 8# , LEPAON 50g Cotton Balls Rainbow Colors Cotton Threads for Crochet, Hardanger, Cross Stitch , 2 Balls (Color No.:550)
1000Y 8# , LEPAON 50g Cotton Balls Rainbow Colors Cotton Threads for Crochet, Hardanger, Cross Stitch , 2 Balls (Color No.:550)

The thread I bought looks like this, but from a different brand. While it says #8, it is actually thinner than what I usually use for making Barbie clothes.

 

Abbreviations Used in American Terms

  • Ch - chain;
  • St(s) - stitch(es);
  • RS - right side;
  • MC - main color;
  • CC - contrast color;
  • Sk - skip;
  • Sl st - slip stitch;
  • Sc - single crochet;
  • Dc - double crochet;
  • Shell - 5 dc in the indicated st;
  • Half shell - 3 dc in the indicated st; and
  • Ch-sp - chain space.

Pattern

Barbie Closed Shell Backless Dress (Front View)
Barbie Closed Shell Backless Dress (Front View) | Source

Skirt

Starting from the waist down,

Row 1: With MC, ch 34, sc in the 2nd ch from hook and in each ch across, turn. (33)

Row 2 (RS): Ch 1, sc in each sc across, turn. (33)

Row 3: Ch 1, (sc in the next sc, sk 1 sc, shell in the next sc, sk 1 sc) across, sc in the last sc, turn. (8 shells)

Row 4: Ch 3 (counts as 1 dc from here throughout), 2 dc in the first sc, (sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc, sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc) across, work a half shell in the last sc instead of a shell, turn. (7 shells, 2 half shells)

Row 5: Ch 1, sc in the first dc, (sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc, sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc) across, turn. (8 shells)

Row 6: Ch 3, 2 dc in the first sc, sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc, (sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc, sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc) across, sk 2 dc, half shell in the last sc, turn. (7 shells, 2 half shells)

Round 7: Ch 1, overlap the first and last shell of Row 6, sc through both thicknesses of the first dc, sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc, (sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc, sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc) around, sk 2 dc, join with sl st in the first sc, turn. (8 shells)

Round 8: Ch 3, 2 dc in the first sc, (sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc, sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc) around, sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc, sk 2 dc, 2 dc in the same sc as the joining sl st to form a shell, join with sl st in the top of the beg ch-3, turn. (8 shells)

Round 9: Ch 1, sc in the first dc, sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc, (sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc, sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc) around, sk 2 dc, join with sl st in the first sc, turn. (8 shells)

Rounds 10 - 19: Repeat Rounds 8 - 9. Do not turn at the end of Round 19.

Fasten off.

Round 20: With RS facing, attach CC with a sl st in the first sc of Round 19, (ch 1, sc) in each st around, ch 1, sl st in the first sc to join.

Fasten off.

Top

Working from the waist up,

Row 1: With RS facing, attach CC with a sl st in the first ch, ch 1, sc in each ch across, turn. (33)

Row 2: Ch 1, sc in each sc across, change to MC, turn. (33)

Row 3: Ch 1, (sc in the next sc, sk 1 sc, shell in the next sc, sk 1 sc) across, sc in the last sc, turn. (8 shells)

Row 4: Ch 3, 2 dc in the first sc, (sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc, sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc) across, work a half shell in the last sc instead of a shell, turn. (7 shells, 2 half shells)

Row 5: Ch 1, sc in the first dc, (sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc, sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc) across, turn. (8 shells)

Row 6: Ch 3, 2 dc in the first sc, sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc, (sk 2 dc, shell in the next sc, sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc) across, sk 2 dc, half shell in the last sc, turn. (7 shells, 2 half shells)

Row 7: Ch 1, sc in the first dc, sk 2 dc, (2 dc, ch 1, 2 dc) in the next sc, [sk 2 dc, sc in the next dc, sk 2 dc, (2 dc, ch 1, 2 dc) in the next sc] across, sk 2 dc, sc in the last dc, turn.

Row 8: Ch 3, dc in the first sc, sc in the next ch-1 sp, (half shell in the next sc, sc in the next ch-1 sp) across, 2 dc in the last sc, turn.

Row 9: Ch 1, sc in the first dc, (sk 1 dc, half shell in the next sc, sk 1 dc, sc in the next dc) across, turn.

Row 10: Ch 3, sk 1 dc, sc in the next dc, sk 1 dc, (2 dc in the next sc, sk 1 dc, sc in the next dc, sk 1 dc) across, dc in the last sc, turn.

Row 11: Ch 1, sc in the first dc, dc in the next dc, sc in the next dc, (sk the next dc, dc in the next sc, sc in the next dc) across, turn.

Row 12: Ch 1, sc in each st across. (17)

Fasten off.

Barbie Closed Shell Backless Dress (Back View)
Barbie Closed Shell Backless Dress (Back View) | Source

Edging and Straps

With RS facing at the back, starting from the waistband where your CC starts on one side, working on the edges of the top going up,

  • Attach CC with a sl st at the edge of the waistband where your CC starts, ch 1, sc in the same st.
  • (Ch 1, sc) evenly while going up the edge until you reach Row 3 of the Top (an sc edge), sk the remaining edges for later, ch 23 to form a ch strap.
  • Sc in the opposite side of the end of Row 12 of the Top to form the first part of the X.
  • (Ch 1, sc) on each remaining sc of Row 12 of the Top.
  • Ch 23 to form the 2nd ch strap.
  • Sc in the opposide side of the edge of Row 3, mirroring what you first did for the other side.
  • (Ch 1, sc) until you reach the edge of the waistband.
  • Fasten off.

Next, you would want to work on the remaining edges that are not trimmed with CC yet:

  • Attach CC with a sl st at the edge that we skipped earlier before doing the ch straps, ch 1, sc in the same st.
  • (Ch 1, sc) evenly until you finally lined all the edges remaining and reach the first ch strap.
  • Sc in each ch of the ch strap.
  • Repeat the trim on the remaining edge at the other side and sc in each ch of the 2nd ch strap.
  • Join with sl st in the first sc.
  • Fasten off.

Weave in all ends. Sew 1 snap below the waistband in CC to close.

How to Put on the Dress

Barbie Closed Shell Backless Dress with the Blazer from Barbie Business Suit
Barbie Closed Shell Backless Dress with the Blazer from Barbie Business Suit | Source

As you put the dress on the doll, make sure the X is behind the doll and not in front. The front is a bit loose, and not putting on the straps properly will cause the dress to sag in front.

I also wanted to show that this dress also works well with the blazer from Barbie Business Suit if you make it in a color that matches the dress. This will make the dress be able to go from day to night by simply removing the blazer.

Want more patterns for Barbie Model Muse body types? Please leave a comment below to let me know what you want to see next.

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    • profile image

      Radha 9 days ago

      Thanks for sharing such awesome Barbie dresses . Loved each of your creation. Really want to make some.

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 3 weeks ago from Victoria, Australia

      Love the design, it looks very attractive.

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