How I Make and Trade Artist Trading Cards
Examples of Artist Trading Cards
When I decided to get back into art as a hobby, watercolors became my go-to medium. Watercolors are nice because it requires the patience to let each section dry before starting a new one. That's great for a multitasker like me because you can do a little at a time, work on something else, and go back to it once that section is dry. You can work on one at a time or on multiple paintings at once, focusing on the latest dry one as the others are in various stages of drying.
Then, I discovered artist trading cards, and I found it to be the perfect type of art to make with watercolors. Artist trading cards can be made of virtually any material. They’re small and require a steady hand and patience. Below is my experience in making artist trading cards along with a history of the art form itself.
Video on ATC's.
Artist trading cards were introduced in 1997 in an exhibit by Swiss artist, M. Vanci Stirnemann. He created 1,200 small works of art on 2.5” x 3.5” cards. At the end of the exhibit, he encouraged others to make their own cards and swap with his. They did, and artists have been trading cards ever since.
True artist trading cards are swapped or given away. If they are sold, they are called Art Cards Originals and Editions, or ACOE’s. Artist trading card (ATC) swaps are found online or in meetups in cities all over the world. Many store their swaps in sports card binders, and many groups have specific instructions for participating in swaps, including packaging requirements, size, and theme.
Cards can feature any type of image, text, or medium. As long as they fit the size requirements, they are considered an artist trading card. Websites hold contests and feature some of the best examples of the cards that they come across on their home pages.
The best part of making the cards is that the artist can make them their own. Some prefer to include text on every card. Some will only use marker, colored pencils, or fabric. Artists can buy special artist trading card paper at their local or online craft store while others can just cut any type of paper (usually heavy paper) to the correct size and create multiple cards from one larger sheet.
I like the freedom that comes with deciding on a theme for one or a stack of cards. I like to make lists of different trading card themes and refer to this list when I sit down to make them, or if I get an idea before starting, I will work on that and save the other ideas for later. Because the work space is so small, there is no agonizing over details. You're not going to spend hours on the image so you don’t have to decide on a theme that you’re going to grow bored with or wish you had used the materials on a better idea that comes later. Once you have a stack of blank cards, it’s refreshing to know that you can put several ideas down on multiple cards in one sitting.
I don’t buy artist trading card paper. Instead, I buy watercolor paper and prep the page with a layer of water which I let dry before I measure it out and cut it to the correct size. There’s usually a long strip of paper left that I like to make into a book mark.
Preparing the Paper
The paper I use is white so that I can make the background any color I want. The first thing I do is paint the card in my desired background color and let it dry. If little of the background is going to show or I just want a light layer of paint or shadow, I’ll skip this step and paint around the main subject of the card later on.
Next, I start working on the subject of my piece. Most of my cards are character-themed. So, I find a reference picture and start to sketch it out using watercolor pencils. It’s important to have sharp pencils since the area is so small. It’s also important to make sure the card is dry so that the pencils don’t start to bleed as they are applied to the paper.
Details must also be judged beforehand. At least at my skill level, details are not going to show up as well or can even ruin the piece if they are not added correctly. I tend not to draw faces on my characters and leave shadowing to a minimum. So, my cards are more minimalist, at least while I’m in the beginning stages of the art form.
Evolution of a Halloween-themed ATC.
Once the penciling is done, I use the smallest paint brushes I own to turn the pencil to paint, adding watercolor paints to incorporate colors that I don’t have in watercolor pencil form. The amount of water used is the biggest challenge. It’s easy to get a lot of water on even a small brush. So, excess water needs to be wiped off on another surface (usually the piece of cardboard that I paint on) before it is applied to the paper. Otherwise, you can lose all control of where the paint goes. This is also where the patience of waiting for one color to dry before painting over another color right next to it comes in. When you’re on a roll, it can cause you to want to keep painting, but having the colors bleed through each other can leave a permanent flaw on what would have otherwise been a nice picture.
Once everything has dried, I fill in any details with fine line markers or pens. This is any detail, such as a piece of clothing fabric or the trunk of a tree that is required in order to give the painting texture and depth and helps to make the image come across as clearly as possible. It can be easy to ink the entire picture, but I like to leave some edges without lines so that it still feels like a watercolor painting.
Marking the back.
Finally, I like to sign the back of my cards with my initials and number each one in the order that they are made. I thought about numbering the themed cards separately from each other so that it was clear that they were their own set, but this would have taken some cataloging and recording which would have been too convoluted. It’s much easier to keep track of how many cards I’ve done all together than to worry about numbering each card in the set correctly.
Because artist trading cards are not as well known outside of the ATC community, it’s fun to give away cards to those who aren’t familiar with them, hopefully inspiring them to start their own collection with this spontaneous present. I plan to give mine away by placing them in my Little Free Library for patrons to take and encourage them to replace the ones they take with those that they create. It’s also a good place to give away the book marks that I made with the leftover paper strips.
I hope this inspires you to make your own artist trading cards and swap them with those in your area or online. It’s good practice for artists and a great way to share art in a charitable way.
A Card I received in a swap.
© 2018 Laura Smith