How to Do a Simple Single-Point Perspective Drawing
How do I add dimension to a sketch?
Have you ever wondered how to take flat drawings and make them look like they're three-dimensional? Maybe you already tried this and weren't satisfied with the way it turned out. Do you erase and fix repeatedly, only to get frustrated and toss your creation in the trash? This will no longer be a problem for you after you learn this simple single-point perspective technique!
What Not to Do
Are you ready to begin?
When you look at the image above, it's pretty obvious you're seeing sides of the building we should not be able to see from this vantage point. They are also pretty uneven. The windows in the three buildings all have the same perspective, but this normally would depend on your viewpoint—the perspective would change every time you moved the viewpoint.
What You'll Need:
- Blank drawing paper/graph paper
Let’s get started!
1. Grab a ruler or straight edge and find the center of your paper. Draw a dot in the center. If you do not have a ruler, don’t worry about it. Just place a dot as near to the center as possible.
2. Next, draw nine boxes. There will be three boxes in the middle, three at the top, and three more at the bottom of your paper.
3. The middle box has a dot, and this dot represents the viewpoint from which the viewer is looking. We will now create what the viewer sees from this point. With your ruler or straight edge, draw lines from each corner of each box that faces the dot.
Each of these corners will have lines that run from their corner to the dot in the center of your paper. The corners that face away from the dot do not need lines drawn because we cannot see that side of the box (unless the boxes were clear glass.). Since the boxes we are creating are solid, we do not need to draw its perspective.
4. Erase all lines in the center box.
How are you doing? Isn't it easy?
5. Create cubes! Even though it looks cool, I would like to show you how to give the cubes an ending—right now, they look as if they go on forever. On your paper, take your straight edge or ruler and draw what resembles a tic-tac-toe board. Draw a straight line down your paper and across your paper between each cube.
6. Clean it up by erasing the lines that travel on past our new cube lines. Be careful not to erase any of the edges of the cubes.
Fixing the First Image's Perspective
Well, what do you think? Looks good, eh? You did great! Now that you know how to do this, try changing your viewpoint (dot) location and redrawing the perspective lines relative to that new dot! Later on, you can try drawing with two or even three perspective viewpoints!
Before we part, how about I give that not-so-perfect drawing of buildings a better perspective?