How to Draw a Sea Horse in 5 Steps

Updated on May 24, 2018
Step by step instruction art lesson: How to Draw a SeaHorse by art teacher Dorsi Diaz
Step by step instruction art lesson: How to Draw a SeaHorse by art teacher Dorsi Diaz | Source

Do You Want to Create an Underwater Masterpiece?

As an art teacher, I like to teach lessons on things that are interesting to both kids and adults. Seahorses are one of those animals that most kids really like and, when presented with a chance to draw one, they usually get very excited. There is just something whimsical and fun about a creature that is called a horse yet lives in the sea!

In this lesson, I will break down the drawing steps one by one. At the end of the tutorial, you will find 10 interesting facts about seahorses which can make a classroom lesson even more informative.

Enjoy your lesson!

What You Need to Draw a Seahorse

  • White Paper: Printer paper is alright, but if you are going to paint it, then something thicker like watercolor or art paper would be best.
  • Pencil
  • Eraser
  • Black Sharpie: This is optional and only needed if you want to trace the seahorse in black.

1. Draw the Guideline

In this first part of this art lesson draw your guideline like a cross. Make these light. Then draw a circle with a snout to begin your sea horse drawing. Notice where I placed the circle. Make sure your paper is "portrait" style.
In this first part of this art lesson draw your guideline like a cross. Make these light. Then draw a circle with a snout to begin your sea horse drawing. Notice where I placed the circle. Make sure your paper is "portrait" style. | Source

2. Add the Body

In step #2 add the body of the seahorse. Notice the shape that I used - a stretched out oval type shape attached to the circle. For smaller kids they can just draw an oval.
In step #2 add the body of the seahorse. Notice the shape that I used - a stretched out oval type shape attached to the circle. For smaller kids they can just draw an oval. | Source

3. Draw the Tail

In step #3 add the curling tail of the seahorse. Try to keep the tail on the paper otherwise your seahorse will not be complete.
In step #3 add the curling tail of the seahorse. Try to keep the tail on the paper otherwise your seahorse will not be complete. | Source

4. Add the Fin

Step #4. Add the fin on the seahorse back along with the line going up the fin.
Step #4. Add the fin on the seahorse back along with the line going up the fin. | Source

5. Add the "Ear" or "Crown"

For step #5 add the "ear" or "crown" at the top of your seahorse drawing.
For step #5 add the "ear" or "crown" at the top of your seahorse drawing. | Source

The Form Is Finished!

Congratulations - Your basic seahorse shape is finished. Now you can change curves, add details and define your seahorse using the original lines that your drew. Also draw in your seahorses eye. You can also add the seahorses habitat to your drawing.
Congratulations - Your basic seahorse shape is finished. Now you can change curves, add details and define your seahorse using the original lines that your drew. Also draw in your seahorses eye. You can also add the seahorses habitat to your drawing.
Finsished drawing of a seahorse completed in black Sharpie. You can add in all the details inside the seahorse and also draw in his habitat.
Finsished drawing of a seahorse completed in black Sharpie. You can add in all the details inside the seahorse and also draw in his habitat. | Source

Finish Drawing Your Seahorse!

After your basic seahorse shape is drawn, follow the finished seahorse to the right to add your details. You will make a series of connecting semi-circles around the shape (except for the face), add the eyes, the other fins, and the shading marks.

After you are done drawing your seahorse in pencil, you can either leave it that way or add pencil shading if you like. I went over my seahorse with black Sharpie to prepare it for painting. Then, I erased any visible pencil lines. Make sure your guidelines are totally erased. You can pencil in the seahorse's habitat with coral and seagrass and draw with Sharpie over those lines as well.

Photo of a seahorse from the London Museum and Aquarium.
Photo of a seahorse from the London Museum and Aquarium. | Source

Did You Know These 10 Interesting Seahorse Facts?

Sea horses are amazing little creatures. They capture our imagination and also make a great art lesson. Here are 10 interesting facts about seahorses that you may not have known about them:

  1. Once seahorses fall in love, they stay together for life. They are monogamous.
  2. Seahorses are the only species in the world in which the males give birth.
  3. Seahorses range in size from just 0.6 inches (1.5 centimeters) to 14 inches (35 centimeters) long.
  4. Seahorses propel themselves though the water by using the small fin on their back. This fin flutters up to 35 times per second!
  5. Seahorses like to eat all day long! They can eat 3,000 or more brine shrimp per day.
  6. There are 54 species of seahorses.
  7. Seahorse use the fins near the back of their heads to steer.
  8. Seahorses do not swim very well. In storms, they sometimes die of exhaustion.
  9. Male seahorses carry unborn young in a pouch that they have on the front of their bodies.
  10. Seahorses use their tails to latch onto grasses and coral in the ocean.

Sid the Seahorse Giving Birth

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    • Dorsi profile image
      Author

      Dorsi Diaz 4 years ago from The San Francisco Bay Area

      Thanks Paul. I really enjoy making them too!

    • Paul Edmondson profile image

      Paul Edmondson 4 years ago from Burlingame, CA

      This is really nicely done. I love these guides to drawing.

    • Dorsi profile image
      Author

      Dorsi Diaz 4 years ago from The San Francisco Bay Area

      @torrilynn) I love memories like that torri. We created some great new memories making these.

      @Austinstar) Glad you enjoyed the hub Austin. The one thing I have found is that everyone can learn to draw when taught correctly. It's never too late!

      @peachpurple) It should be fine for a 6 year old peach. I had a 7 year old do an adorable seahorse!

    • peachpurple profile image

      peachy 4 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      wonderful drawing! Your seahorse looks cute and a darling. I was wondering whether a 6 yr old could do that... No problem for me... Thanks for including the information about seahorse too. Voted up

    • Austinstar profile image

      Lela 4 years ago from Somewhere in the universe

      I have always wanted to draw and paint. Sadly, I am not very talented in the arts. Science has always been my forte. That is one thing that sets this hub apart from other hubs! You have included some very interesting facts!

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      @Dorsi thanks for this lesson on how to draw a seahorse. This brings back memories of how I would draw cartoons and pictures of people when I was younger. Overall, nice. Voted up

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