Screech Owl House Plans: How to Build a Screech Owl Box

Updated on April 5, 2018
Anthony Altorenna profile image

Anthony enjoys spending time in the workshop, the kitchen, the garden and fishing. Many of his featured projects can be seen in his yard.

Screech Owl Nest Box
Screech Owl Nest Box | Source

Give a Screech Owl a Home

Screech owls are year round residents in nearly every state across the country. They primarily inhabit woodlands, but they are also commonly found in suburban and urban areas. They are one of the smallest owls in North American, standing about 10 inches tall with a wingspan up to 24 inches across.

Nighttime hunters, screech owls feed on rodents and other small mammals, insects and small birds. They swallow small prey animals whole, and tear larger victims into pieces. The bits of bone, teeth, fur and feathers that cannot be digested are expelled as 'owl pellets' that often accumulate under their roosting spots. Finding a pile of pellets at the base of tree is a good sign that there is an owl nearby.

Screech owls like to nest in abandoned woodpecker holes or the natural cavities in dead trees. They are most active during the fall and winter breeding season, as they search for a mate and place to nest. Like many birds that rely on tree cavities for nesting sites, habitat loss is making it harder for screech owls to find suitable nesting sites. Fortunately, screech owls will readily move into a birdhouse to raise their young - so long as the nest box is build to meet their specific needs. This nesting box is sized to attract screech owls, and it is an easy project to make from a pine or cedar board.

Photos and diagrams by the author

How to Build a Screech Owl Nest Box


The Cutting List

  • Front (A) 9-1/2"W x 16"L
  • Back (B) 11-1/2"W x 24"L
  • Sides (C) 8"W x 19-1/2"L (Qty = 2)
  • Roof (D) 11-1/2"W x 12"L
  • Bottom (E) 8"W x 8"L

The sides (part C) are cut on approximately a 30 degree angle to create the slope for attaching the roof. From one edge, measure up 19-1/4" up one side of the board and make a mark. From the same end, measure up 15-3/4" along the other edge and make another mark. Using a ruler or straight edge, draw a line across the board to connect the marks. Cut along the line to create an angled side piece. The sides are 1/4" shorter than front (part A). When aligned from the bottom edges and joined together, the shorter sides create a 1/4 gap under the roof line for air circulation.

Cut a 30 degree bevel across the top of the front section (part A), to match the slope of the roof and sides.

Clip the corners for drainage
Clip the corners for drainage | Source

Layout and the drill the 3" entrance hole in the front (part A). Measure up 12" from the bottom edge, centering the entrance hole across the width of the front section. A hole saw attachment to a drill makes a clean cut, or use a jig saw to rough out the opening.

Cut a 30 degree bevel across the back edge of the roof (part D). The bevel matches the angled sides, and allows the roof to fit snugly against the back (part B). Attach the roof to the back, side and front sections.

Cut each corner of the bottom section (part E) at a 45 degree angle, creating a small drainage gap. Drill four or five additional 1/4" holes, spaced evenly in the bottom section for additional drainage. Attach the back and side assembly to the bottom section with nails or screws.

Some Assembly Required
Some Assembly Required | Source

Some Assembly Required

Use weather resistant screws or nails to attach one side (part C) to the front (part A). This is the fixed side, while the other side is hinged to allow access to the finished nest box for periodic cleaning. Attach the bottom (part E) to the sub-assembly.

Position the partially assembled nest box to the back (part B), leaving space both above and below the nest box assemble for mounting the finished box to a tree or pole. Attach the back to the nest box assembly with nails or screws.

Line up the remaining side (part C). To create a hinge, secure the side with one nail or screw driven into each edge -- one through the front (part A) and one through the back (part B) to form a pivot point. Position the hinge screws directly across from each other, enabling the door to open easily. Drill and countersink a screw hole along the center of the bottom edge for a single short screw to secure the door, yet allow easy access for cleaning.

Drill a 3" hole into the center of the entrance guard (part F). Round off the edges with sandpaper, or use a round over bit to create a finished edge. I like to attach the entrance guard on a bias to create a diamond shaped entrance.

Screech Owl Nest Box Plans

Screech Owl Nest Box Plans
Screech Owl Nest Box Plans | Source

Location, Location, Location

Hanging the nest box: Add 1" to 2" of pine shavings to the bottom of the finished nesting box. Unlike many nesting birds, screech owls do not bring materials into the box for building their nests, and a layer of pine shavings will help to protect the eggs. Do not use sawdust or cedar shavings.

Mount the nesting box between 10' to 30' above the ground. Screech owls are tolerant of human activity, but are known to defend their nests so it's best to place the nesting box in a tree or pole where it can be seen yet is set back away from paths and walkways.

How do you know if there are screech owls in your neighborhood? Since they are most active at night, these little owls are heard more often than they are seen. Their call is distinctive, though it sounds more like a trilling whistle than a screech. If you hear their call, there is a good chance that a screech owl will find the nest box that you put out for them.

Hear a Screech Owl's Call

Have you ever seen an Owl?

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Baby Screech Owl Video

These orphaned Screech Owls are being weighed in WildCare's Wildlife Hospital. They will stay in care until they're old enough to be released back into the wild. Orphaned birds like these are always raised with others of their own species and contact with humans is kept to an absolute minimum. These little owls are gaining weight and soon will be ready for release!

Make a Simple Cleat Hanging System

Hanging a heavy birdhouse can be awkward, especially if you are standing on a ladder to reach up on to a tree. This simple cleat makes it easier -- and safer -- to hang projects such as this owl nesting box, birdhouses and feeders, window boxes and similar projects.

The cleats are made by ripping a piece of stock at a 45 degree angle. Start with a piece of wood at least four inches wide, and slight shorter than the width of the feeder. When ripped at a 45 degree bevel, a 4 inch wide piece of stock will yield two mirror image cleats approximately 2 " on the wide side. Tilt the table saw blade to 45 degrees, then set the fence to 2 " from the blade to rip the stock into two mirror image pieces, each with a 45 degree bevel cut along one edge.

One piece is attached to the back of the project with the 45 degree angle of the cleat pointing downward and forming an inverted "V" between the back of the feeder and the outside surface of the cleat.Attach the second piece where you want to hang the feeder, this time with the "V" of the cleat facing upward. Use weather resistant screws, and make sure the cleat is level. When fitted together, the two 45 degree "V"s from each piece lock together to securely hold the feeder in place.

Adding a filler strip along the bottom edge of the feeder below the cleat on the backside will hold the feeder level upright and plumb. Cut the filler strip to the same thickness as the cleats.

A simple cleat make it easy to hang birdhouses and window boxes
A simple cleat make it easy to hang birdhouses and window boxes | Source

Vacancy: Screech Owls Wanted

This Screech Owl Nesting Box Is Ready For Occupancy
This Screech Owl Nesting Box Is Ready For Occupancy | Source
Screech Owl Nest Box
Screech Owl Nest Box | Source

Questions & Answers

  • Is there a certain direction the box should face? North, South, East, or West?

    Owls don't seem to prefer a nest box that faces in any specific direction. We've had occupants in owl houses that face south, east, and west; none of our boxes happened to face north.

  • Do you paint or stain your birdhouses?

    Yes, I like to paint or stain the exterior of my birdhouses. I only paint (or stain) the outside to protect the wood from the elements, leaving the inside of the nest box unpainted for the safety of the baby birds.

  • Will screech owls scare other birds away?

    Screech owls are predators. While they feed mostly on mice, voles and other small animals, they will also prey on small birds. To reduce the chances of an owl attacking the birds at our feeders, the nest boxes are mounted in different areas on our property from the bird feeders. The owls cannot see the feeders from the next boxes.

  • An owl has taken up residence on top of the rain gutter downspout below the roof overhang. So I'm headed to Home Depot to get the material for an Owl House! Reckon he'll move in?

    Owls can be very choosy when selecting their nest sites. If they are already nesting under the roof overhang, they will likely stay there until the eggs hatch and owlets fledge. There's a good chance that the owls might move into the new nest box to raise their next brood.

© 2011 Anthony Altorenna

Tell Us About the Owls in Your Neck of the Woods

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    • profile image

      Eugene Hamilton 

      8 months ago

      is April too late to hang a box in Southeast Texas? My screech owls have been nesting here for several yrs.and box finally rotted out.

    • profile image


      8 months ago

      Built a box and have a resident. Makes her appearance about 2:30 - 3:00 PM almost every day - seems to be taking some fresh air. Here in Texas already warming and evenings still cool. Hope for babies later this year.

    • profile image


      10 months ago

      I observed a screech in my yard almost nightly if I don't see them I hear them- needed a project thought this would be fun may make one for my mothers yard as well! Thanks for sharing

    • Anthony Altorenna profile imageAUTHOR

      Anthony Altorenna 

      11 months ago from Connecticut

      Hi OwlWatcher,

      Thanks for visiting, and for posting your note. My apologies for the confusion. The top diagram has a typo. The owl houses were built from 1x12 lumber (approximately 11-1/2" wide from the home center). Have fun building the nest box, and good luck attracting owls!

    • profile image


      11 months ago

      I built a box and have one screech owl now. The plans list a 1X10 board but the back is 11 1/2 inches. Should it be a 1/12 board? Great design, just confused on measurements.

    • profile image

      Charles Harmon 

      11 months ago

      This is going to be my first project now that I can work in my shop again. It’s been three yeats since I last was able to stand. We have several owls i be heard them maybe I’ll get a chance to see them. Your plans are straight forward and easy to understand. This articulate is great for a beginner or someone getting started again. With you plans I can again build for real not just in my head. Thanks

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Thank you for your wonderful instructions. I'm heading out to Lowe's as soon as I post this. About an hour ago I just discovered a screech owl asleep in/on a slightly curled leaf of our giant rubber tree. (I love in Florida, and saw the little owl around 3PM.) Cute little guy- he was a bit dwarfed by the leaf. Have a dead tree 10 feet from the rubber tree, and now, instead of cutting that tree completely down, I'm just going to cut it to around 16 feet - I'll use it to mount the screecher box.

    • colorfulone profile image

      Susie Lehto 

      4 years ago from Minnesota

      There are owls that I hear in the woods after sundown, and once in a while one flies through the yard. A mating pair made their nest in the woodshed one year, and that was pretty neat to get to see those babies grow up enough to fly away. Owls are great hunters, so I am not too sure I would want them after other critters that live around yard. Great hub!

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I love screech owls, they fly around at night where I live in Southern California and sound like something from a haunted house. We also have great horned owls, and occasionally I've seen a couple of other species but much more rarely than the first two.

    • outdoorprojects profile image


      5 years ago

      I have owls around my house, one of these would be great!!!

    • Lady Lorelei profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 

      6 years ago from Canada

      I love stopping by your wildlife friendly articles. From backyard birds, to wild deer, your information is so wonderful to see. I don't think that I will be building a screech owl house but it is nice to know that I now know where to look should I decide to.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I just love the idea of making Screech Owl houses, had never seen one until you introduced me to them.

    • Diana Wenzel profile image

      Renaissance Woman 

      6 years ago from Colorado

      Those baby owls are too cute! Thanks for another great DIY project. I know I have owls around my property. I hear them at night. Not sure which species. I really must make sure they have proper nesting options. Appreciate the plans.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Gosh, I sure do love listening to the owls in the nature area out back ... More often than not, I hear them rather than see them. Had never thought of building a screech owl house ... you make it all look so easy!

    • Redneck Lady Luck profile image

      Lorelei Cohen 

      7 years ago from Canada

      The screech owls looks so leery with their great big eyes. Love your article on building a screech owl bird house. I had heard years ago that bird houses must be designed for each species of bird and it shows in your articles. Hmmm? I wonder if the blue jays and crows which love our cherry tree would fit in that bird house?

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      That baby Screech Owl video is just dear. Once again you demonstrate your expertise with clear and concise directions to successfully construct a Screech Owl house. I've only seen a Screech Owl up real close one time years ago when one decided to hang around our woodshed for awhile, they are the cutest little guys.


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