How to Repair a Gilded Plaster Picture Frame

Updated on April 26, 2018
A Damaged Plaster Frame
A Damaged Plaster Frame

I love to buy old picture frames, well because I like old stuff. I am especially fond of those old gilded plaster frames. They set off my landscape prints really well. The only draw back is that ones in good shape aren't cheap and the ones that are cheap are in poor repair.

Oh woes me, what's a poor girl to do? Go to the library of course. While there, I found a little book that told of ways to repair miscellaneous collectibles. And guess what I found in this little book? Yep, you guessed it. How to repair damaged gilded picture frames.

But Can I Repair and Restore the Picture Frame?

After reading through the instructions, I said to myself, "I could do that". And I did. In fact, my repairs were good enough to allow some of my better frames to actually be sold on E-bay a few years back.

I just finished restore a really old frame that has been on my "to do" list for a long time.

6 Steps to Repairing Your Picture Frame

1. Clean the Frame
2. Soften Up the Clay
3. Make the Mold
4. Mix the Plaster
5. Make the Replacement
6. Smooth the Mold Until It Fits
One Pack of Modeling Clay
One Pack of Modeling Clay
Abrasives to Smooth Edges — I tend to use what I have on hand
Abrasives to Smooth Edges — I tend to use what I have on hand

Tools and Supplies Needed

These are the only tools and supplies that you need to get the job done:

  • One Pack of Modeling Clay
  • One Container of "Plaster of Paris"
  • Chopsticks and Disposable Cup for Mixing
  • Water
  • Non-Stick Cooking Spray
  • Abrasives to Smooth Edges
  • Wood Glue
  • Gold Leaf Paint
  • Small Foam Brush

This Is Where We Begin

This is a picture of the frame after the plaster mold has been glued in place. It may look a little rough now, but wait till you see the fully restored frame.

Close up of Damage and Repair in Place
Close up of Damage and Repair in Place

1. Clean the Frame

  • Place the picture frame on a flat surface and wash it down with a little soap and water. Do it gently. use only enough to get it clean because if the plaster gets too wet, it will get soft. If you still have the glass in it, use that blue tape to mask around the edges. (I like the blue stuff because it comes off easy and doesn't leave any of itself behind). Let the frame dry completely.

Clay Softened and Ready To Go
Clay Softened and Ready To Go

2. Soften Up the Clay

  • Now take the modeling clay and soften it up in your hands so can be easily worked. The clay will be used to make a mold of the undamaged parts of the frame so the damaged parts can be filled in.

Making the Mold
Making the Mold
The Mold of the Frame Scroll Work
The Mold of the Frame Scroll Work

3. Make the Mold

  • The first thing to do is to thoroughly spay the part of the frame being used to make the molds with cooking spray. Take a piece of the clay and make a small block with it. Then flatten it till it reaches a size that will cover the plaster decoration. Press in over the section and press really hard. Remove the clay. Now you have the mold for the missing parts
  • It will take a little practice to get molds that will be the right size. They must be thick enough to duplicate the design but thin enough so that you don't have a really thick molded piece. If the molded piece is too thick, it won't match the rest of the frame. Eventually, you will get the hang of it and get a clay mold that will be a good fit.

4. Mix the Plaster

  • Mix up a small amount of plaster of paris in small container. I like to use clear plastic disposable cups. Add the plaster of Paris. I don't measure, I just put in what looks right. But depending on how much frame there is to repair, 1/4 to 1/2 a cup should be more than enough. Add the water and little at a time, stirring well. Here is where I use the chopstick. The plaster of paris needs to be thin enough to pour easily but not watery. If it is the consistency of pancake batter, it will be just about right.
  • Mixing the plaster is the trickiest part because if you stir the plaster to hard it gets full of bubbles and these bubbles will harden in the mold ruining it. When you have smooth, bubble free plaster that is about the consistency of pancake batter, its time to get rolling.

5. Make the Replacement

  • Now, spray the molds again with the cooking spray. This makes the plaster easier to remove from the mold. Pour in the plaster. Now here comes another use for the chop stick. Use it to level the bottom edge of the mold. You want it to be as even as possible so it will fit snug onto the frame. Now let it dry overnight.

6. Smooth the Mold Until It Fits

  • After the plaster has dried, remove it gently from the mold. Now comes the hardest part of the whole process. Use an emery board, a small screwdriver or a sharp blade (you will have to find what works best for you). The big the piece of plaster, the bigger tool you will need. All the rough edges and the back of the piece need to be smoothed out. If it is a little too big to fit neatly into the spot to be repaired, just keep shaving it down until it fits.
  • Don't worry about making an exact fit. Once the frame is painted and hung, it will be really hard to see where the damage was.
  • Make sure that the surface of the frame is clean and dry. Put a little wood glue on your finger and spread it over the area where the plaster piece will go. Do the same for the back of the plaster piece. Put the plaster piece into the spot and it's done.

Pictures of The Repaired Frame

Below are the pictures of the repaired frame. It compares the damaged and undamaged parts of the frame. It is only upon close inspection that the replacement parts can be seen. On the wall, they are all but invisible.

Repaired Corner
Repaired Corner
left corner
left corner
Close up of Repair
Close up of Repair
Undamaged Scroll
Undamaged Scroll
Repaired Scroll
Repaired Scroll
Finished Frame
Finished Frame

Questions & Answers

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      • profile image

        Elizabeth Morewood 

        12 months ago

        I have a couple of old gilt framed pictures (1820s) and in places bits of the frames have fallen off. I have the pieces but please, how ccan I get them to stick back in place?

      • profile image

        Jay Scott 

        14 months ago

        Please don't use water on any art- paintings or picture frames . American picture frames are generally made with

        Composition ( Compo) elements, not plaster. Water will swell the gesso layer and can cause mold . Clean dirt with a soft brush ,then wipe surface with mineral spirits - petroleum based cleaners only.

        Fine frames should be repaired by a professional , using compo material.

      • profile image

        Renate Bob 

        15 months ago

        I tried plaster of Paris, but it's so soft even when it hardens, that the details are easy to

        Lose. I'm

        Wondering if adding wood glue to the water will make it better to handle.

      • profile image

        Kathy 

        21 months ago

        I have a antique picture frame and the corner broke off how can I reattach it I have looked and looked I have the corner just not sure how to put it back.

      • profile image

        jane cooper 

        21 months ago

        Thank you! I'm going to try it.

      • profile image

        Bill 

        21 months ago

        Enjoyed your post. Have used epoxy wood in repair jobs. Exact replication of pattern is tempting and have thought about using molds, but have enjoyed sculpting the missing pieces. Mix and stick to cleaned wood/plaster and sculpt away. Have about 20 minutes before sets up too much. Trim excess almost immediately. Water on fingertips helps smooth out fingerprints. Also, could use bondo. Can add less hardener to prolong set time. Do final trim before completely hardened.

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        22 months ago from Atlanta, GA

        I always just repaint the whole frame. I have found it hard to try and match the old paint or gild.

      • profile image

        Elizabeth Gamble 

        22 months ago

        If trying to figure out the best painting solution for my repairs. The frame I am repairing is a large plaster cast gilt one which I think is painter. I would like to match the paint,or Chou led I just paint it all? I can send a photo if you tell me how to get it to you?

      • profile image

        Ray 

        2 years ago

        Ray.

        To strengthen the corner mitres joints, place sponge packing in the edge of the frame and using a sash cramp carefully pull together. ( If sash cramp not available, wrap a small diam. rope around frame and pull together ). Drill a hole through the edge of the timber base and glue a short length of small diam. dowel through the joint. Be careful not to place the dowel in the plaster moulded section as this could cause further damage. Sand flush and paint. Invisible finish.

      • profile image

        Irene 

        2 years ago

        More on how to paint gold leaf on repair

      • profile image

        Jean 

        2 years ago

        Thank you!

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        2 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I would need to see a picture of the frame but I am thinking that to duplicate the curve try 1. spay the frame with cooking spray. 2. put the plaster in the mold. 3. press the mold and the plaster to the frame curving it as you do. 4. Let dry and remove. That should duplicated the curve of the frame.

      • profile image

        freyda 

        2 years ago

        the missing gold leaf is actually a leaf on the part of the frame that is curved so the plaster mold is finished on the wrong side of the curve, it is like a belveled part of the frame. when I made the mold correctly, It is too solid to use, the leaf is curved correctly, but now I have a solid piece of plaster of paris...

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        2 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        Glad I could be of help. It is such a simple fix. Good luck and let me know how ii comes out!

      • profile image

        Debbie 

        2 years ago

        Thanks I am off to Walmart to get my stuff. I got a great deal on a frame for $3 and could not pass it up. It has 2 little places I know I can fix now thanks to you and your info. It makes my money spent look really good now.

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        2 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I use a place on the opposite side of the frame and then turn it upside down.

      • profile image

        Pat 

        2 years ago

        Any thoughts on how to do a mirror or reverse mold. The frame I would like to do is missing some leaf detail on one side. The undamaged side is opposite.

      • profile image

        Doug Ernst 

        3 years ago

        Why doesn't the spray oil or oil from the clay mess up the ability to repaint the frame?

        Doug in Sandy Eggo

      • profile image

        nancy 

        3 years ago

        If I didn't want to go through the process of making molds all around the frame , how do I prevent further breakage of ornate pieces? Should I brush wood glue all over the frame then paint when it is dry?

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        3 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        To get the plaster make it thicker just add more plaster to the mix. This should make it harder when it sets up. If you are applying the plaster directly to the frame make sure the area is clean and dry.

      • profile image

        Mike 

        3 years ago

        I need to repair a thin layer of plaster on a frame, how do you make the plaster harder and that it will stick to the frame

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        3 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        Sorry to take so long to reply but I have been under the weather. Just an FYI. the knees are the first to go. I am so glad that my method has proved so successful for everyone who has tried it.

      • profile image

        Trapso 

        3 years ago

        What a great, articulate post! I collect old picture frames at yard sales, antique shops, etc. I have a mitre saw and so I can take a large frame hand cut it to size for a smaller picture. I was staying away from old frames with damage such as you describe feeling that they were not repairable. Now I can get those as well and fix them up. I took a limited edition print we had purchased and made a frame to measure and did some repair on it. Looks great and at little cost compared to a framer who would have charged over a hundred dollars. Another thing you might try is a product called RubnBuff. It comes in a variety of colors and I have used it for restoring/repairing. Look it up on the internet!

      • profile image

        3 years ago

        well I figured it out. I used burnt umber, black and umber and made a mix tat perfectly matched the old dirt in the cracks. I brushed it in and wiped it off and you are right it looks amazing. I tackled an entire width of a frame that was missing the bottom half of the plaster. The frame also curved so it was long and arched. What was I thinking??? However, it turned out really well and you can't even tell if you don't know that it is repaired. I can't believe I did that.

      • profile image

        3 years ago

        what do you use to make the repair match the dirty parts that are darker? Antiquing was? If ound a 1966 article on it that used spackle and said to use 1/4 c picture varnish and 1/4 t burnt umber and 1/4 t raw umber oil paint to glaze it and then wipe it off. Thoughts?

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        4 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        Thanks for the question Kate. I didn't spray paint the frame. I purchased a gilt paint from my local hardward store and used a foam brush so I wouldn't have to clean it. When you use it make sure to do so in a well ventilated place.

      • profile image

        Kate 

        4 years ago

        Hi Reddog1027, Thanks for this tutorial! Quick question - did you spray paint the whole frame once you were finished fixing the broken parts? The finished products has so much shine! All you mention in the beginning is washing it... did you wash and repaint or just wash?

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        4 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        Thanks for the complement Icandoit54. I read this in a little book I checked out of the library and gave it a try. It was so easy that I thought others would be looking for this kind of info. Glad it worked .

      • profile image

        Icandoit54 

        4 years ago

        You are brilliant! Usually I'm pretty crafty, but you got me on that one! Thank you. You are exactly right!

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        4 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I would use wood filler to fill in the crack as it won't expand and then once dry, smooth on plaster so it blends with the rest of the frame. Hope this helps

      • profile image

        Icandoit54 

        4 years ago

        Hey, I'm looking for advice. I have an old landscape with molded plaster frame. It's beautiful. However the side of the frame cracked from aging and there is a hole in the side of the frame.it is in the square part of the frame on the side so there be no need to mold. Do you think I could just fill the hole with plaster of Paris and smooth off the edge straight. It wouldn't work if the plaster expands as it dries because it would cause the frame to crack again. What do you think?

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        5 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I know it will look great!

      • profile image

        Lou 

        5 years ago

        Thanks for posting! This will allow me to fix my Wife's Great Grandmother's frame in time for Christmas!

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        5 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        let me know how your project turns out!

      • profile image

        Ian 

        5 years ago

        That was excellent! Thank you so much. I'm off to do the work.

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        5 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        The only tricks to the gold leaf is to use in a well ventilated area as it has some very volatile solvent as it's base and use one of the foam disposable brushes so you don't have to worry about cleaning it up with another solvent. the hardest part about this whole procedure is getting the thickness of the clay molds and the resulting plaster piece the same thickness as the frame. Good luck and let me know how it turns out.

      • profile image

        graminva 

        5 years ago

        Is there any trick when it comes to painting the frame with the gold leaf? We have received an 83 year old triple mirror with etching but the frame is missing parts and the gold leaf is flecking off in places. Going to show my hubby these instructions before we ruin this antique!!! Thanks.

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I just love it when this hub helps someone else.

      • profile image

        Louis 

        6 years ago

        Thanks for your great advice! I have an old plaster picture frame, and I'd love to see its former beauty without shelling out beaucoup dollars. Glad I've found your advice in repairing the frame.

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        As always, I am so glad that you have found this hub helpful.

      • profile image

        jmb 

        6 years ago

        Thanks so much for this tutorial, I am about to take a big challenge. You have made it easy!!!

      • profile image

        Tony 

        6 years ago

        Thanks for the information. I appreciate it..Tony

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I would just clean it with a damp cloth. A coat of polyurethane would be a better sealer. The water based ones are really nice to work with. Lemon oil contains a solvent and it might damage the paint or the plaster.

      • profile image

        TONY 

        6 years ago

        HI, WAS LOOKING FOR INFORMATION ON HOW TO TAKE CARE OF OLD PLASTER FRAMES. HAVE ONE WITH A WONDERFUL PICTURE THAT WAS MY MOMS.SHE ALWAYS LEMON OILED HER FURNITURE BUT I DON'T THINK SHE USED LEMON OIL ON THIS FRAME. DOES IT NEED OIL TO KEEP IT FROM DRYING OUT? WHAT WOULD YOU RECOMMEND. THANKS SO MUCH.

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I didn't oil the frames that I have repaired as I paint them with a gold gild paint. Any oil would keep the paint from sticking to the frame.

      • profile image

        Davene 

        6 years ago

        I found your instructions on fixing an old plaster frame. Could you recommend oiling the frame after repair? I know too wet isn't good, but would mineral or lemon oil help? Thanks so much,

      • profile image

        Furniture Refinishing Restoration 

        6 years ago

        Thank you for all the information. It was MUCH needed!

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        Again, I am so glad you found this helpful.

      • profile image

        puckdropper 

        6 years ago

        I am going to use this technique to repair a 100 year old frame my wife and I have carried with us for seven years after it slipped from its' hangers. Thanks for being here, I was suspecting to have use this technique. You confirmed I am going in the right direction. Again thanks.

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        6 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        Glad you found this hub helpful Alex. If I can do it, anyone can.

      • profile image

        Alex 

        6 years ago

        thanks so much I have carried an old frame around with me for years and didn't take the time or information to fix it now I will before every bit of it falls off.

      • profile image

        reddog1027 

        6 years ago

        I just use a little window cleaner spray like Windex. It is alcohol based so it dissolves the oil.

      • profile image

        Dee Loris 

        6 years ago

        How do you clean off the spray before you paint the frame?

      • profile image

        dave 

        6 years ago

        it takes a lot to impress me and this post has done it. I can fix anything but never tried this altho i have done casting in plaster before.Here's some tips from experience for new and old alike.

        you can order casting plaster in 25 kilo bags at a good builders yard far cheaper than craft shop little bags.you can put plaster to the water if job is sealed to stop any bubbles whatsoever forming and tap to level when topped up.I found a gold spray paint called mr christmas "brand" was the best luxury finish you could wish for but not known if still in production based in blackpool.lancs.spraying with black first enhances the finish on gold paint gives a luxurious pro effect.hope this goes on here as its good advice.regards dave.

      • profile image

        Mo 

        6 years ago

        Thanks so much for this Tutorial. I did it and my mirror frame looks great!

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        7 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        Amanda, here is my suggestions. From the picture it looks as if there is a gouge out of the corner. I would try building it up with a couple of thin layers of plaster, let it dry really well and smooth. Then make a mold of the scroll work on the corner that is kitty corner to the one that needs the repair. You may have to experiment with the level of the background to get it to a point where the scroll work is even with the surrounding areas. Let me know if there is anything I can do.

        Carol

      • profile image

        AmandaS 

        7 years ago

      • profile image

        AmandaS 

        7 years ago

        Help! Really like the how-to! However, I am stuck! I have a plaster frame that has a broken corner (I have added a link to picture of the corner). The frame does have a matching corner but I have no idea how to go about cloning that corner and making it work in the broken area. Unfortunately the edges of the frame are decoratively rounded adding to the difficulty. I have tried taking a mold of the entire in-tact corner but I just cannot get it. Any suggestions?

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        7 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        DannieP, glad you found this hub helpful. Let me know how yours turns out.

      • profile image

        DannieP 

        7 years ago

        Very Impressive! I just bought a gilded plaster frame today that is in need of some restoration.

        I can't wait to try this technique out and see the results. Thanks for the advice.

      • profile image

        Mary Anne 

        7 years ago

        Okay, thanks! I will try it tomorrow. So glad I found this post!

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        7 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I have found that making a clay mold is easier than trying to cut the pieces of plaster as they tend to break and crumble. Try the molds first. You may have to make a few to get the look just right.

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        7 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I am so glad you found this information helpful. The hardest part of the whole thing is getting a good plaster casting made. If the first ones don't turn out right, just keep tweaking till you get it right.

      • profile image

        Amanda 

        7 years ago

        Thank you SO much!! I have been searching the web all morning for this information. You did a fantastic job of presenting all the steps. I'm heading to the craft store, then getting started! Thanks again. :-)

      • Sandyksk profile image

        Sandy Jauregui 

        8 years ago from Sanger

        Thank you, you've given me inspiration to try it on some of my old mirrors...:))

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        8 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        If I can do it, I am confident you can too. Glad you found the hub helpful.

      • RGNestle profile image

        RGNestle 

        8 years ago from Seattle

        Thank you!!!

        My mother has a lithograph and a plaster mold frame which came from my great grandmother on my father's side. It has seen better days and I just began wondering if I should look for someone to repair it or if I should attempt it myself. I didn't know that it was plaster on wood until I found this Hub. Now I know I can do it and your instructions filled in the gaps in my knowledge. I feel confident now that I can make the frame look like new.

        Thanks again!!!

      • profile image

        Picture Glass Frames 

        8 years ago

        Great hub! I don't have any of these products at home, so it's kind of inconvenient. But then again, I don't own most products that should be in every home... eh...

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        8 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I am so glad you found this hub helpful. Once I read it, I thought, hey I can do that. And I did. And if I can do it anyone can. It's a great way to return a damaged frame back to usefulness.

      • profile image

        KathyNE 

        8 years ago

        Thank you so much for taking the time to post such a great source of information! You did a very concise and easy to follow description of the process.

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        8 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        I am glad you found the hub helpful, babalooga. It is a shame to let such beautiful frames go to waste when it is so easy to fix them.

      • profile image

        babalooga 

        8 years ago

        i searched the net over and FINALLY found theee page i was looking for.

        thanks!!! thanks!!! thanks!!!

      • mulberry1 profile image

        Christine Mulberry 

        8 years ago

        Wow, that does look like something that's not too difficult to do. Great tutorial!

      • reddog1027 profile imageAUTHOR

        reddog1027 

        8 years ago from Atlanta, GA

        Most old frames are held together by nails or small pegs. Over time holes around them get bigger, a little wood putty in the holes may be all it will take.

      • Wealthmadehealthy profile image

        Wealthmadehealthy 

        8 years ago from Somewhere in the Lone Star State

        This was a wonderful hub!!! So informative and detailed. When I saw the title, I saw gilded frame repair and missed the plaster part...reading to fast...but the whole process of this is really simple....I have a gilded antique wood frame which is very old and coming apart at the corners, no other damage except it is separating there....need to figure out how to put it flush again without damaging it. Guess I should go to the library or maybe google it....thank you for this hub!! I enjoyed it

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