Hassam loves researching and writing about all kinds of subjects, including how to create rubber at home!
Rubber is a raw material used in the making of many common flexible items. It is pliable because of its unique chemical composition; it's considered an elastomer. An elastomer is characterized by the ability to regain its original shape after bearing and releasing a load. In nature, the hyper-elasticity of the tree helps it survive.
Rubber has a wide range of industrial uses. It is used to make tyres and household products. It is also used in textile manufacturing.
There are two types of rubber:
- Natural rubber
- Synthetic rubber
In this article, you will learn how to make natural rubber at home. Information about how natural and synthetic rubber differ can be found below the tutorial.
Making Natural Rubber at Home Is Easy
Making natural rubber from latex is surprisingly easy. It can be made by simply mixing the sap from a rubber tree with juice from another plant. The following is a procedure for making natural rubber.
To make rubber at home you need the following things:
- Rubber tree sap, freshly taken from the tree
- Juice from a Morning Glory plant
- A knife
- A tapping spout
- A wooden stick
- A bucket
- A container
How to Make Homemade Natural Rubber Latex
- First, get the sap from the rubber tree. Observe the trunk of the tree and try to find spots with hardened sap.
- Once you have found a spot of hardened sap, slice off the hardened exterior to obtain the soft, liquid sap underneath. Use a knife to slice off the excess layers of hardened sap.
- Make a small hole where you've cut off the rough exterior, using a knife to assist in inserting the tapping spout.
- Hang the bucket on the hook of the tapping spout and leave it in place until you have collected a reasonable amount of sap. If you fail to collect the sap on the first tap, repeat the entire process again.
- Extract the juice from the Morning Glory by simply breaking its vines and drawing the juice out.
- Mix the sap obtained from the tree and the Morning Glory juice.
- Using the wooden stick, stir the mixture. Stir until it becomes thick and sticky.
- The latex is now prepared. Store it in a plastic container.
Once the latex is prepared, it can be used for creating many items. See? It's easy for you to make natural rubber latex. All you need are the Morning Glories and rubber tree in your garden.
What Is Natural Rubber?
Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand are responsible for around 72% of all natural rubber production. Natural rubber is made from the sap collected from some trees (commonly rubber plants, Hevea brasiliensis). Chemicals are added to this 'sap', or liquid natural latex, to stiffen the final product. Ficus elastica is a rubber plant more commonly used for natural rubber production in the home.
What Is Synthetic Rubber?
Synthetic rubber is an artificially produced elastomer with the same elasticity as natural rubber.
This synthetic elastomer is a polymer derived from the combination of several monomers. The monomers are formed by reacting petroleum with different chemicals. Some common types of synthetically manufactured rubber are given below:
- BR (butadiene rubber)
- SBR (styrene-butadiene rubber)
- IIR (butyl rubber or halo-butyl rubber)
Natural Rubber vs. Synthetic Rubber
Natural rubber and synthetic rubber cost about the same. They are preferred over one another on the sole basis of characteristics and properties. For example, the ratio of synthetic to natural rubber in car tyres is greater than that of heavy-duty truck tyres because the vehicles experience radically different wear and tear.
Generally, synthetic rubber is used in making hoses, belts, gaskets, moldings and other small parts. Natural rubber is primarily used to make footwear, balloons and toys.
In general, synthetic rubber is preferred over natural rubber due to its extreme durability; however, making natural rubber is much easier than the complex synthesis required to make synthetic rubber.
Creating several monomers to make a polymer of synthetic latex is a grueling process. Natural rubber, on the other hand, can very easily be prepared, even at home.
|Natural Rubber||Synthetic Rubber|
Easy to synthesize
Complex synthesis for end result
Can make at home
Requires industrial space for synthesis
Now that you can make natural rubber latex at home, get creative! You can make non-slip stickies for kitchen appliances, simple stretchy toys out of molds and letter seals. Post about your elastomeric creations in the comments below!
Making Natural Rubber From Sap
Abdul S K aquil on February 26, 2020:
Very informative and detailed description .Thank you
Anonymous on October 15, 2019:
Thank you so much for this information, you really did a great job clarifying the differences and your word choice was just excellent. Your writing type was very smooth and helped me clearly understand how each rubber was made. Thank you for the helpful infor
anonymouse on October 15, 2019:
Anonymous on February 27, 2019:
How do you even get sap? I can’t find any. Do you buy it at a store?
yuan on December 11, 2018:
How to make rubber?!!!!!???
-Florence Pesce on August 11, 2018:
Thank you for your information. It is helpful to be able to learn answers to questions we have.
al gayawi mai fitila on October 29, 2017:
it's good using bead for making your own plastic
KKK on October 24, 2016:
is there a place where I can buy these matierals
Huu on September 13, 2016:
Good article. Missing some important details. Lets have sec.
talat on July 03, 2015:
It's very useful info,but unfortunately here is no rubber's trees available hahah
gthomson on February 22, 2012:
What is used for the hardener?
Pandrew1010 on February 10, 2012:
How to you make rubber!!!!!!!!!!!!
Rosie on November 23, 2010:
Thank you! This is very good info.
Manna in the wild from Australia on April 24, 2010:
Nice info. I like the odd ball how-to articles.