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4 Easy, Eco-Friendly Biodegradable Bird Feeders

Claudia has been writing about crafts online for many years. She is an avid crafter who has been creating for most of her life.

Easy Biodegradable Bird Feeder Tutorials

Easy Biodegradable Bird Feeder Tutorials

Want to Make an Environmentally Friendly Bird Feeder?

Don't spend a lot of money on a fancy bird feeder that only lasts a couple of years before it needs to be added to a landfill.

Attract birds to your garden with one of these fun and easy, eco-friendly bird feeders. They are great craft projects to make with children while teaching them the importance of taking care of the environment.

You'll get hours of enjoyment watching the birds flock to your outdoor space and, by using specific types of food, you will be able to attract a wide variety of birds.

Each feeder is made entirely out of biodegradable materials, so even if it gets carried away by a pesky critter, you know that it won't hurt the environment.

4 Eco-Friendly Bird Feeders That Are Biodegradable and Disposable

  1. Orange Peel Bird Feeder
  2. Pine Cone Bird Feeder
  3. Toilet Paper Roll Bird Feeder
  4. Cereal Garland Bird Feeder

1. Orange Peel Bird Feeder

One of my favorites, this orange peel bird feeder takes just minutes to make.

Supplies Needed

  • Whole oranges
  • Spoon or grapefruit spoon
  • Pencil or pen
  • Twine
  • Scissors
  • Birdseed


  1. Cut the orange in half and, using a spoon, scoop out all of the pulp.
  2. Using the pencil, poke 3 holes, evenly spaced, about half an inch below the cut edge of the orange.
  3. Cut 3 pieces of twine, about 8 to 9 inches long each.
  4. Feed one end of the twine into one of the holes, going from the inside to the outside. Tie a knot to secure the twine to the orange, as shown in the photo. Repeat this step for the remaining 2 pieces of twine.
  5. Tie the other ends of the pieces of twine together into one large knot.
  6. Fill with birdseed and hang outside.

This feeder is perfect to try different types of food in. Fill with fruit or jelly to attract orioles and blackbirds.

Easy Bird Feeding Ideas That Don't Require a Feeder!

If you don't want to make a feeder but want to feed birds, here are a couple of easy ideas. The birds will love these unexpected treats!

  1. Buy a jar of crunchy peanut butter and smear some on tree trunks and in crevices.
  2. Buy or make suet and smear some on tree trunks and in crevices.

2. Pine Cone Bird Feeder

Save some of the pine cones in your yard for this easy bird feeder.

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Supplies Needed

  • Pine cones
  • Peanut butter
  • Birdseed
  • Twine
  • Scissors


  1. Brush off any debris that may be on the pine cone.
  2. Using a butter knife or spoon, smear peanut butter all over the pine cone.
  3. Pour some birdseed on a plate and roll the peanut-butter-covered pine cone around on it until completely covered.
  4. Take a piece of twine, approximately 12 inches long, and wrap it one time around the center of the pine cone. Tie the two ends together and it is ready to be hung on the nearest tree branch.

3. Toilet Paper Roll Bird Feeder

A feeder that is perfect for younger children to make is this toilet paper roll feeder.

Supplies Needed

  • Toilet paper rolls
  • Peanut butter
  • Birdseed


  1. Pour out some birdseed onto a plate and set aside.
  2. Using a knife or spoon, smear peanut butter around the outside of a toilet paper roll.
  3. Roll the toilet paper roll in the birdseed until completely covered.
  4. To hang, simply slide onto a branch.

What could be more simple than that?

Cereal Garland Bird Feeder Tutorial

Cereal Garland Bird Feeder Tutorial

4. Cereal Garland Bird Feeder

Perhaps the easiest of these earth-friendly feeders to make, this is a suitable project for younger children.

Supplies Needed

  • Cheerios or a similar cereal with a hole in the center
  • Twine


  1. Feed cereal onto a piece of twine approximately 8 inches long, leaving about 1 inch uncovered on each end of the twine.
  2. Tie the ends together in a knot and hang outside.

Alternate Suggestion: For older children, use a large dull sewing needle and string popcorn or unshelled peanuts for a different type of food. Use care not to use salted/buttered popcorn or peanuts purchased from the grocery store. They contain additives that may be harmful to birds.

What Do Birds Eat?

While the birds listed prefer these specific types of food, many will eat the other types as well. Most of these seeds can also attract other critters like squirrels, which can become real pests and eat the food meant for the birds.

Types of FoodAttracts These Types of BirdsOther Information

Thistle seeds


Sunflower seeds

Cardinals, Chickadees, Nuthatches

There are different types of sunflower seeds, however the one favored by most birds is the black oil one. They do make a mess in the garden with shells scattered around.


Jays, Crows, Woodpeckers, Titmice

Only use peanuts designated for bird food. Other types contain salt, flavorings and other additives that can be harmful to birds.

Crushed peanuts

Robins, Wrens

See note above


Blackbirds, Orioles, Thrushes

Safflower seeds

Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Chickadees, Doves


Sparrows, Doves, Juncos, Towhees, Cardinals and other ground-feeding birds

Use care as millet tends to spoil quickly.


Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Jays, Doves, Ducks

Can attract unwanted birds such as starlings and cowbirds. Corn tends to spoil quickly.


Robins, Bluebirds, Chickadees, Cardinals


Thrushes, Wrens, Woodpeckers, Titmice

A robin waiting patiently for food.

A robin waiting patiently for food.

Feed the Birds

Teach your children or grandchildren about the beauty of nature by making these biodegradable bird feeders. They are the perfect way to attract birds to your backyard, and they are kind to the earth.

They are also incredibly easy to make. I made all four of these in less than half an hour.

The next time your family is stuck inside on a rainy day or the birds are looking hungry, why not make one?

© 2013 Claudia Porter


Claudia Porter (author) on February 20, 2019:

That's a good idea, and I bet the birds will like the sunflower butter just as much.

Ela Alexander on February 18, 2019:

I'll be using sunflower butter instead of peanut butter with my students as my school is a no nut school

Chefsville - Chef Scott on February 15, 2017:

This is wonderful! Kids can learn about all kinds of things. We will to do this project with kids during a summer STEM program where they need to attract birds to their gardens. Your post gives us great ideas where we can connect and teach about healthy foods and make it fun. Thank you so much for this activity.

Claudia Porter (author) on May 30, 2016:

Thanks kellykat. My daughter still likes making these sometimes and they really are simple to do and good for the birds.

kellykat on May 27, 2016:

I love this idea. We purposely having oranges for snack this morning so we can make this craft in class. Thank you for the idea :)

Claudia Porter (author) on October 29, 2015:

I would guess that another kind of nut butter that kids are not allergic too. I really don't know what else is out there, but birds will love any kind of spread like that. Good luck,

J. on October 29, 2015:

Do you have any suggestions what the peanut butter can be substituted with, in the case kids making these have allergies?

Claudia Porter (author) on March 10, 2015:

Thanks Tammy! Our birds are slowly coming back now that is warming up. They have been eating like crazy when I put food out. Have a great day!

Tammy from North Carolina on March 08, 2015:

What a wonderful idea for the birds and for the environment. I have plenty of winter birds here in the south. Great hub!

Claudia Porter (author) on February 18, 2015:

Thanks so much for reading and the support How to - Answers. We like feeding the birds too and it has been so cold up here that they really need it right now.

L M Reid from Ireland on February 13, 2015:

Wow these are great ideas on how to make your own bird feeders. I love to see and hear the birds in my garden. So this is something I will be making for them. I especially like the bird seed in the orange holder

Shared and voted up

Claudia Porter (author) on January 11, 2015:

Thanks Deb - Right now we are having really cold weather and the birds are devouring any food we put out. Have a nice day and have fun making these!

Claudia Porter (author) on January 11, 2015:

Hi Linda - Your granddaughters will definitely love this one, and they are all easy to do with kids. Our squirrels like these too, but hey, I guess they need food too. Thanks for commenting!

Deborah Neyens from Iowa on January 10, 2015:

Great ideas! Will try some of these.

Linda Bilyeu from Orlando, FL on January 10, 2015:

Genius ideas! By me, the squirrels always get to the bird seed before the birds. I like the paper towel roll bird feeder. My granddaughters will enjoy this project also. Thanks Glimmer!

Claudia Porter (author) on December 07, 2014:

Thanks Walker! What a lovely idea for a Christmas walk... just put some of these along the path. That way every creature gets some sort of gift. Thanks for reading and commenting.

Walker on December 05, 2014:

Wonderful ideas for gifting a temporary eco Christmas decoration to a tree at our rural walking track!

Claudia Porter (author) on April 15, 2014:

Hi hiwaka - You are right, hey definitely are not long term feeders, but at least I don't worry about finding them in our woods years from now. Glad you enjoyed the project. Thanks for reading.

hiwaka on April 14, 2014:

I'm all for using biodegradable bird feeders, though I'm a bit skeptical about their longevity. But nevertheless these are great ideas and I'm definitely going to try making one of these very soon.

Claudia Porter (author) on November 19, 2013:

Thanks so much Londonlady! I'm glad you enjoyed it. We have brought out our feeders for the winter here and the birds are already going crazy.

Deya Writes on November 17, 2013:

I have 2 budgies and I think I'm going to try out the "wild" bird feeder ideas for less wild birds. Especially the orange peel one, what a genius idea! ...and the cheerios on a string! This hub is just all sorts of great! :D:D

Claudia Porter (author) on May 18, 2013:

Hi RTalloni - I like that they use the string for nesting material too. We just found a wren's nest under our garden so I am very excited today. Thanks for reading.

RTalloni on May 15, 2013:

These are smart bird feeding ideas and should help get them near my camera's lens. Thanks much! I like that they might use the twine from the cereal garland to help build nests.

Claudia Porter (author) on May 11, 2013:

Thanks Sharkye!! You will have a great time doing this with your daughter.

Jayme Kinsey from Oklahoma on May 10, 2013:

Love this hub! Can't wait to try orange boat feeders and cereal garlands. My daughter will love this!

Claudia Porter (author) on May 10, 2013:

Thanks tillsontitan! It was a fun hub to do on a beautiful spring morning. I hope lots of birds will be fat and happy because of this hub.

Claudia Porter (author) on May 10, 2013:

I appreciate it Rebecca. I don't like the plastic jug ones either. Sometimes we get such strong winds and they are so light that they blow away. This way, if they blow away, there won't be any plastic floating around in the woods. Thanks for reading.

Claudia Porter (author) on May 10, 2013:

Thanks so much Suzie! I never thought about coconut shells. That would be pretty too, but I don't eat too much fresh coconut. I appreciate the support and comments.

Mary Craig from New York on May 09, 2013:

I've seen these before Glimmer twin, but having them all put together with such great pictures and directions is definitely a useful hub. I'm sure there'll be lots of new biodegradable bird feeders around because of this!

Voted up, useful, awesome, and interesting.

Rebecca Mealey from Northeastern Georgia, USA on May 09, 2013:

Cool ideas! And these bird feeders are so much better than those plastic milk jug types! I love the one with orange, and the toilet paper roll one is too cute!

Suzanne Ridgeway from Dublin, Ireland on May 09, 2013:


LOVE this hub! Such brilliant ideas. I have done the orange skin and know of coconut shell being used in a similar way but the rest are so clever! Lucky birdies to have peanut smeared pine cones with goodies atop!! Superb article as always, you never fail to impress! Voted up, useful, awesome, interesting, shared everywhere and pinned!!

Emilie S Peck from Minneapolis, MN on May 09, 2013:

Yeah, I can imagine that. Once our sunflowers bloom, squirrels have a thing for gnawing the blossom off and dragging it to who knows where.

I'm doing pretty well. Busy, but not bad. Hope all's well with you, too!

Claudia Porter (author) on May 09, 2013:

Thanks ESPeck! I'm looking out my window at the orange cup one right now. Had to make another one because the last one got swiped by a critter. Good thing they only take a few minutes! Hope you are well.

Emilie S Peck from Minneapolis, MN on May 08, 2013:

These are fantastic!

We have sunflowers every year, but I think I'll try some of these ideas, too. :)

Claudia Porter (author) on May 06, 2013:

Thanks so much Kathryn! My daughter is 10 now, but has always enjoyed making different bird feeders over the years.

Kathryn from Windsor, Connecticut on May 04, 2013:

These are such cute ideas! I love that you have a bird feeder craft for various ages, and that they use simple items that are either free or cheap, and most likely items people have on hand! Bird seed is pretty cheap, too. Thanks for sharing this with us.

Claudia Porter (author) on May 04, 2013:

I hope you and your grandson enjoy making the bird feeders and appreciate all of your support. I love listening to the birds singing too. It's such a beautiful sound. Thanks for reading!

Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on May 02, 2013:

Great suggestions. When I was a child we used to make these but I have not done so in many years. You have inspired me to do this with my grandson. He will have such fun...he loves the birds...we always have to stop and listen to them sing when we are outside playing.

Voted up up and away and pinned and shared. :) ps

Claudia Porter (author) on April 29, 2013:

Hello catgypsy - Bread is good to, but it can get moldy quickly. On the other hand, it usually gets eaten far too quickly to make a difference. Thanks for commenting.

catgypsy from the South on April 28, 2013:

I love this hub and am definite;y going to make some of these. I break up my stale bread and throw it out in the yard for the birdies right now, but I would love to give them something like these to nibble on. Great hub!

Claudia Porter (author) on April 28, 2013:

Thanks so much FlourishAnyway. The orange one is a fun one to do.

FlourishAnyway from USA on April 28, 2013:

Good kid crafts. I especially like the idea of oranges.

Claudia Porter (author) on April 28, 2013:

Hi faythef - Let me know how it works out. Ours is already empty. Thanks for commenting.

Martin - Glad you enjoyed the hub. Thanks for the comments.

Hi shiningirisheyes - I love how inexpensive they are. It's always nice to do crafts that one has one hand at the house. Some things are so pricey these days.

Hi Sheri Faye - I think this is one of my favorite kids crafts for all ages and they all seem to enjoy it too. Thanks for commenting.

Claudia Porter (author) on April 28, 2013:

Thank you pinto2011 - This is definitely a craft you could use at home. I appreciate the comments.

Hi Jackie - I hope you give the orange cup a try. The other benefit besides feeding the birds is that the orange cup really brightens up the trees. It's fun to see that pop of orange. Thanks for commenting.

savingKathy - I hope your kids have fun trying this. I know my daughter loves doing these. Thanks for reading.

Claudia Porter (author) on April 28, 2013:

the girls - Thanks so much for the comments. We have other bird feeders too, but my daughter likes to hang feeders all over the yard and it's easy to forget one for us. Glad you liked the hub.

caseymel - My daughter and her friends love making these too. They get such a kick out of it. Hope your kids have fun too. Thanks for reading.

Thank you aviannovice - This would be a good idea for a school group and even a summer camp group. Glad you enjoyed the hub.

Sheri Dusseault from Chemainus. BC, Canada on April 28, 2013:

Great ideas. These would be fun childrens projects.

Shining Irish Eyes from Upstate, New York on April 28, 2013:

Wonderful concepts and so inexpensive and easy to create. Thanks for the suggestions.

Martin Kloess from San Francisco on April 28, 2013:

Great ideas. Thank you so much

Faythe Payne from USA on April 27, 2013:

Thank You..I think I will try the orange peel this week

Kathy Sima from Ontario, Canada on April 27, 2013:

These are all great ideas! I'll have to try some of these with the kids soon. Thanks for sharing!

Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on April 27, 2013:

I have done the pine cone one, and I never dreamed of the fruit boats, that is so smart! I will do it! Thanks!

Subhas from New Delhi, India on April 27, 2013:

Hi Gimmer! This is a very useful Idea. Can I use it at home?

Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on April 27, 2013:

This is wonderful! This can teach kids so much about attracting our feathered friends with simple projects that they will enjoy. I'll bet if you are able to visit a grammar school, you'll have all the kids doing this, and they can teach friends and relatives. Awesome and up.

Melanie Casey from Indiana on April 27, 2013:

That's a great idea! My kids and I will have fun making these!

Theresa Ventu from Los Angeles, California on April 27, 2013:

Very interesting article. I usually wash plastic cups or non-biodegradable containers as bird feeders. Thank you for the wonderful ideas to use the biodegradable ones. Voted up 3x :-)

Claudia Porter (author) on April 27, 2013:

Thanks Mary Merriment! Everything I used to make these was in my house which is my favorite kind of craft to do. I'm looking at a bird feeding out of the orange cup as I type this.

Claudia Porter (author) on April 27, 2013:

Hi Patsybell - That is another great eco-friendly way to feed the birds. I love those sunflowers with the huge heads and so do the birds. Thanks for commenting!

Claudia Porter (author) on April 27, 2013:

Thank you so much Angelo52. They were really fun to make!

Claudia Porter (author) on April 27, 2013:

Hi Bill - I hope you get loads of birds in your garden when you do these. The peanut butter ones get a bit messy and I ate half of the cereal, but that is part of the fun. Thanks for reading and commenting.

Claudia Porter (author) on April 27, 2013:

I appreciate the support Jill! It's fun to feed the birds these ways and it takes almost no time at all. Thanks for reading!

Mary Roark from Boise area, Idaho on April 27, 2013:

These are great, simple, inexpensive and fun ways to feed birds. Thank you so much for sharing these ideas.

Patsy Bell Hobson from zone 6a, Southeast Missouri, USA on April 27, 2013:

Great ideas. The only reason I grow sunflowers is to attract birds. Your ideas will "extend the season." Voted up and useful.

Angelo52 on April 27, 2013:

4 great ideas for making easy birdfeeders. Thumbs up and shared.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on April 27, 2013:

This is so clever. I would have never thought of these, but you can bet we will be trying them now. Thank you for some great ideas. Our birds will be quite pleased. :)

Jill Spencer from United States on April 27, 2013:

I've done the pine cone feeders but not the oranges. Love that! What an awesome hub. Voted up, shared & pinned. Thanks!