DIY Craft Tutorial: How to Make a Matryoshka Style Polymer Clay Doll
I've always loved Matryoshka dolls, sometimes referred to as Russian nesting dolls. I love the bright colors and the way the figures fit into one another. I've never owned a set, but I've always wanted one.
When I lived in Ann Arbor, there was a gift shop with a front window full of different designs of Matryoshka dolls. I loved looking in the store and seeing all the different decorations and styles of the dolls. I always planned to buy my own set, but could never decide which dolls to get!
This easy tutorial shows you how to create your own Matryoshka style dolls to using polymer clay and pull tabs from any can in your recycling bin. Your completed and decorated dolls can then be used as charms for a necklace or bracelet, as a colorful pin or brooch, as a key chain, or as a fun and cheerful figurine.
Materials for Making Matryoshka Style Polymer Clay Dolls
There are a lot of fancy tools you can buy to use with polymer clay. I prefer to keep my tools simple so that anyone can follow my tutorials. You may find other items around your home that you can use for working with polymer clay, but here are the tools I used:
- several colors of Sculpey brand polymer clay - I prefer to use Sculpey for this project because it is soft and easy to model. I used a few colors to make my dolls, but you can blend colors of clay as you do paint colors, so you don't need to buy a lot of colors of clay to get started.
- a bunch of pull tabs from recycled cans - pull tabs actually come in a number of sizes and styles. You can use almost any that you have handy, just make sure they are clean and the top part that connects to the can is removed. I found that pull tabs from soup cans worked the best, because I liked the round hole that you put your finger through to open the can. Pull tabs from soda cans tend to be rather small and it's hard to fit much detail in the features of your doll.
- an X-acto knife or pen knife for cutting your clay
- a rolling pin* or dowel to use as a rolling pin
- a dull pencil or ball point pen to draw in details
- stamps, buttons, or other items to stamp into your clay for decoration
*Note: Do not use items or tools that you will later use to eat or prepare food with when working with polymer clay.
Directions for Making Matryoshka Style Polymer Clay Dolls
I am not an expert on Matryoshka dolls. In making my Matryoshka-inspired polymer clay figures, I focused on the shape of the traditional doll, the flowered decoration, and the similar features of all the dolls within a set. These are the details I wanted to capture in my polymer clay dolls. To begin making my Matryoshka style dolls:
1. Choose a color of polymer clay to use as your background color. Take about half of a block of this color, and knead it in your fingers until it is soft.
2. Roll your softened clay into a pancake that is about 1/8 of an inch thick and at least 1 inch taller and 1 inch wider than your pull tab.
3. When your clay is flat and smooth, press your pull tab into the middle of the clay so that it is slightly embedded into the clay.
4. Use your X-acto knife or pen knife to cut the clay around your pull tab. Leave a border around your pull tab that is about an 1/8 of an inch wide and mimics the shape of a Matryoshka doll. You may want to make your border slightly wider on the bottom to give your doll a rounded shape.
You may also want to make your border a little wider at the top for space to put a hole if you choose to use your dolls as charms or a key chain.
5. (Optional) You can use stamps, interesting buttons, or the end of a pen to stamp a decoration around the border of your doll.
6. If you want to use your doll as a jewelry charm or key chain, take the end of a ball point pen or some other item and punch a hole in the top center of the border of your doll.
7. Roll a small ball of clay to use as the face of your doll. You can use whatever color you choose. The size of this ball will depend on the size of the smaller opening in your pull tab.
8. Place this small ball into the smaller opening of your pull tab and push it in so it fills the hole completely, overlapping the opening a little. You can make the face of your doll rounded or flat as you choose depending on how you model this ball of clay.
9. Then make a larger ball of colored clay. This will serve as the body of your doll. You may wish to choose a color that coordinates with the border color of your doll.
10. Push this larger ball into the remaining opening until it is filled completely and overlapping the edges slightly. Again, you can decide whether you want this space to remain rounded or if you want to flatten the body.
Decorating the Body of Your Doll with Flowers
There are a few easy ways to create flower decorations for your Matryoshka dolls.
1. (Optional) Before you begin adding decoration to your dolls, you may want to stamp the body with more texture. You can use stamps, interesting buttons, or other household items to do this. Look at the base of your pens and markers to see if they can be used as stamps for this project.
Making Flower Petals in Polymer Clay
1. To make a petal type flower, roll a small oval of clay and place it on your doll's body. Then take your X-acto knife or a stiff piece of paper and press a seam going down the length of your flower petal.
2. Continue to make a group of four or five of these petals, positioned in a circle.
3. Roll a small ball of clay in a complimentary color and push it gently into the center of your petals.
Making Round Flower Buds in Polymer Clay
Another type of flower to use to decorate your doll is a simple round flower.
1. Make a small ball of clay and place it on your doll's body where you wish to put your flower. Press it just slightly into your clay body.
2. Take your X-acto knife or stiff paper and make two or three crossing line indentations across your ball as if you were cutting a pizza.
3. You can add some petal flowers from above to finish your round flower.
Making a Stamped Flower in Polymer Clay
You can also use stamps to decorate your flowers.
1. Make 5 or 6 small balls of clay and place them in a circle on your doll's body.
2. Roll another small ball of clay and place it in the center of your circle of petals. This will be the center of your flower.
3. Use a small button or the end of a pen or marker to stamp into the center of your flower to add some detail. Most fine tip or retractable Sharpies have an interesting base that is great for stamping.
Making a Face on Your Matryoshka Doll
There are a few ways to create a face on your Matryoshka doll.
First, the hair:
1. As I said before, I wanted all my dolls to look alike. To make straight pullback hair, I made two small ovals of yellow clay and gently pushed them into the top forehead area in my doll. Then I used my pen knife to make an indentation for the part in the hair.
2. To make curly hair, you can make a longer snake of clay, place it around your doll's head in the position you choose, then use the point of a dull pencil to repeatedly push into the clay and create texture. You can also use an old toothbrush to create hair texture.
Using Polymer Clay to Make Your Doll's Face
To make the features on your doll's face, you may want to try a few different samples before starting your finished facial features.
Some people would want their doll's face to be created completely from polymer clay. This is tricky because you are working in a small area, but doable if you are careful and patient.
1. First, before you bake your Matryoshka doll, roll out two very small balls of clay for the eyes. You can use tweezers to position and place these eyes on your doll's face.
2. Then roll a short snake of clay for the mouth. I bent this into a slight smile, and put it in position on my doll's face. I then took the end of a pen cap and pushed it into the mouth to make a lip separation and smile detail.
3. When your doll is completely finished, including the body, bake according to the clay directions.
Using Color Pencils to Draw Your Doll's Face
You can also use color pencils to draw in the features and details you want on your doll face after your doll has been baked and has cooled. This takes a bit of a steady hand and you may want to practice a bit on a few sample faces. But your doll's face only needs the basic facial features to be pretty and recognizable.
Use Permanent Markers to Create Your Doll's Features
You can also use permanent marker to create your doll's features after it has been baked and cooled. I used a couple of fine tip Sharpie markers.
1. First, before my doll was baked, I used a dull pencil to make a little indentation where the eyes would go. Then after baking and cooling my clay, I just drew a small dot in each of the eyes.
2. Then I carefully drew on the smile, working from the center out in each direction.
Use a Combination of Techniques to Create the Face of Your Doll
I used a combination of techniques and materials to make the faces on my final clay dolls.
1. After my dolls had been baked and cooled, I used a pink color pencil to make a little spot on each cheek to give my doll a rosy complexion.
2. Next, I used the fine tip Sharpie to make two dots for her eyes.
3. Then I used a red fine tip Sharpie to draw in her smile.
Finishing and Baking Your Matryoshka Style Dolls
First, if you are going to use your Matryoshka dolls as jewelry charms, a key chain, or a figurine, you may want to make your doll two-sided. To create a doll to cover the back of your charm:
1. Make a second doll by following the directions above. Make and decorate the face and body of your doll, but do not add a border color to the background. Just fill in the two openings of your pull tab as directed.
2. Bake this second figure along with your first doll according to your clay's directions.
3. When both your dolls are baked and cooled, glue your doll without the border to the backside of one of your other finished dolls. I used super glue for this, but you can use most craft glues. Let your two-sided doll dry completely.
Making a Necklace, Charm Bracelet or Key Chain with Your Dolls
To make a necklace or charm bracelet with you Matryoshka style polymer clay dolls:
1. Cut some open link chain to the length you want for your necklace or charm bracelet. Be sure to attach a clasp to both ends of your chain.
2. Attach one or more of your Matryoshka style dolls with a jump ring to your chain. The jump ring can be attached through the hole at the top of your charm. You can buy a package of jump rings at most craft and jewelry supply stores.
3. If you are making a bracelet, you may want to use two-sided dolls as these charms will be seen from both sides on your bracelet.
To make a key chain:
Attach you two-sided Matryoshka doll to a purchased key ring using a jump ring.
To Make a Pin or Brooch
It is best to use a Matryoshka style polymer clay doll without a hole at the top when making a pin or brooch.
1. Using a one-sided doll, glue a purchased pin back onto the back side of your doll. You can use most craft glues to adhere your pin to your doll. You can buy pin backs at any craft or jewelry supply stores.
2. It is best to position your pin back so that the clasp end is at the base (bottom) of your doll. This will make it easier to close and latch.
All projects copyrighted © 2015 by Donna Herron. All rights reserved.